Rationalization and McDonaldization
Bureaucracy is the structure, and set of regulations in place to control activity, usually in large organizations and government. It is represented by standardized procedure (rule-following), formal division of powers, hierarchy, and relationships. In practice the interpretation and execution of policy can lead to informal influence. Bureaucracy is a concept in sociology and political science referring to the way that the administrative execution and enforcement of legal rules are socially organized. Four structural concepts are central to any definition of bureaucracy: 1.
a well-defined division of administrative labor among persons and offices, 2.
a personnel system with consistent patterns of recruitment and stable linear careers, 3.
A hierarchy among offices, such that the authority and status are differentially distributed among actors. 4.
Formal and informal networks that connect organizational actors to one another through flows of information and patterns of cooperation. Wikipedia. (2008) sociological concepts. Retrieved March 13, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureaucracy. Max Weber (1913/1947) viewed bureaucracies as such a powerful form of social organization that he predicted they would come to dominate social life. He called this process “The Rationalization of Society”, meaning that bureaucracies, with their rules, regulations, and emphasis on results would increasingly govern our lives. Rationalization of society refers to creating and using unconventional systems that fallow a set of rule and regulations for organizing and controlling jobs instead of depending conservative Knowledge and individual cleverness it depended on writing polices by professionals. Examples of every day rationalization include governments, armed forces, corporations, hospitals, courts, and schools. As this insidious rationalization has developed into our lives, George Ritzer a great sociologist who had built on Max...
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