Rational Choice

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The concept of management.
The concept of management is not fixed. It has changing according to time and circumstances. The concept of management has been used in integration and authority etc. Different authors on management have given different concepts of management. The main concepts of management are as follows: Functional Concept:

According to this concept 'management is what a manager does'. The man followers of this concept are Louis Allen, George R. Terry, Henry Fayol, E.F.L. Brech, James L. Lundy, Koontz and O. Donnel, G.E Milward, mcfarland etc. The functional concept as given by some of the authors is given below: I. Louis Allen, "Management is what a manager does."

II. James L. Lundy, " Management is principally the task of planning, coordinating, motivating and controlling the effort of others towards a specific objective. Management is what management does. It is the task of planning, executing and controlling." III. George R. Terry, "Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, activating and controlling performed to determine and accomplish the objective by the use of human beings and other resources." IV. Howard M. Carlisle, "Management is defined as the process by which the elements of a group are integrated, coordinated and/or utilized so as to effectively and efficiently achieve organizational objectives." V. Henry Fayol, "To manage is to forecast, and plan, to organize, to command, to coordinate and to control." 'Getting Things Done Through Others' Concept:

According to this concept, 'Management is the art of getting things done through others'. It is very narrow and traditional  concept of management. The followers of this concept are Koontz and O Donnell, Mooney and Railey, Lawrence A. Appley, S. George, Mary Parker Follet etc. Under this concept, the workers are treated as a factor of production only and the work of the manager is confined to taking work from the workers. He need not do any work himself. Modern...
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