Rate and Sequence of Development

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  • Topic: Infant, Child development, Childbirth
  • Pages : 11 (3416 words )
  • Download(s) : 512
  • Published : March 23, 2013
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Babies are born at 40 weeks. If a baby is born before the due date, they will be classed as premature. Premature babies generally take longer to meet the early development milestones, Newborn babies spend more time sleeping than being awake. It is very important to a newborn baby to spend quality time bonding with their primary carer. Babies develop fast during the first four weeks; feeding and sleeping patterns can start to form and will start to communicate through smiling and crying. As from 3 months old, babies are much more alert, and generally settled into a day and night routine and cry less often. Being more settled and interacting with people around them, and can recognise their primary carer. From 6 months babies can express enjoyment through laughing and smiling. They can reach for objects; this heightens the need for exploration. From 9 months babies are usually becoming more mobile, they can explore their environment. Cognitive and communication development is improving and babies are aware of words. From this age, the emotional lesson is being learnt, as babies begin to understand that carers who leave the room will return. At 12 months babies are much more mobile. The baby is becoming much more vocal and babbling to the carer. Fine motor skills are developing and the baby is becoming more interested in feeding themselves, also the baby starts to remember things. From 15 months a child’s language is really developing, and can start to put together a small key worded sentence. Walking is steadier, and as the sense of independence develops, so does the frustration within the child, and prevention is usually the cause. From 18 months, a child will understand most of what is being said to them, so communication is important. Children of this age still cannot control their emotions and need a lot of sensitivity from their carers when they become overwhelmed by their feelings. From 2 years, a child’s personality is evident and become more apparent every day. Cognitive and behavioural development is continuing during this stage, short sentences are spoken and walking and movement is confident, leading to trying new things, like climbing and jumping. The child will begin to understand emotion and consequences. At 3 years, children start to take an interest in peers, this is suitably timed as at this as children start pre-school, and can enjoy playing with others of a similar age. Children learn to express themselves through speech, in doing so, this reduces the child’s frustration. At 4 years, children will make the transition to school, which marks a massive change in their lives. When starting school the child will be fluent talkers, confident movers and will already have a social group of friends. Their concentration span will be increasing all the time. At 5 years old children will be settled into formal schooling. Many children will enjoy the challenge of the classroom and independence of playtimes. Others however can find it all very difficult because learning doesn’t interest them or find the learning difficult. This can cause a negative feeling towards school. Friends are very important now. At 6-7 years old, physical development has now slowed down to previous years, but confidence levels increase, as does learning within the school. Between the ages of 8-12 years, Children will be reading and writing well. Children have learnt what it is they enjoy and dislike. During this stage of life, it can be a emotional time, children will be moving on to new school and leaving old friendship groups and starting to make new friendship groups. Puberty can start around this age (mainly girls). Technology often causes a child to be less active in this age group and so a balanced diet is required. Between the ages 13 – 19 years, there is a lot happening, puberty, relationships, exams, leaving school, career choices.

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