Rape Analysis

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U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs

Report pages 24, 25, and 34 revised 2/6/97

Bureau of Justice Statistics
An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault

Sex Offenses and Offenders
About 234,000 convicted sex offenders are under the care, custody, or control of corrections agencies on an average day. Nearly 60% are under conditional supervision in the community. 250,000

200,000

150,000

100,000

50,000

0

Total

Probation

Local jails

State and Federal prisons

Parole

"Promoting

U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics

Sex Offenses and Offenders
An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault

By Lawrence A. Greenfeld Statistician Bureau of Justice Statistics

February 1997, NCJ-163392

U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

Contents Foreword iii v

Jan M. Chaiken, Ph.D. Director This report was written by Lawrence A. Greenfeld, Deputy Director, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Deborah Dworanczyk assisted with verification. Tom Hester and Yvonne Boston edited and produced the report, assisted by Jayne Robinson and Priscilla Middleton. Marilyn Marbrook supervised publication. Data analyzed for this report can be obtained from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 (800-999-0690). An electronic version of this report and the data analyzed in it can be found on the Internet at  http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/

Highlights Measuring the extent of sex offending Characteristics of rape/ sexual assault incidents Characteristics of rape/ sexual assault offenders Consequences of the rape/sexual assault victimization The law enforcement response to rape and other sex offenses Arrests for forcible rape and other sex offenses National Incident-Based Reporting System Pretrial release and adjudication of rape offenders Processing of rape defendants before disposition of their case Sentencing of convicted rape defendants Corrections and the convicted sex offender Characteristics of imprisoned rape and sexual assault offenders The victims of imprisoned rape and sexual assault offenders Recidivism of violent sex offenders Sex offending and murder Glossary Data points and sources for the graphical figures

1 3 4 5 6 8 11 12 13 14 15 21 23 25 27 31 34

ii Sex Offenses and Offenders

Foreword

Victim and offender are likely to have had a prior relationship as family members, intimates, or acquaintances. VicThis report draws on more than two tims of rape and sexual assault report dozen statistical datasets maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and that in nearly 3 out of 4 incidents, the the Uniform Crime Reporting program offender was not a stranger. Based on of the FBI to provide a comprehensive police-recorded incident data, in 90% of the rapes of children younger than overview of current knowledge about the incidence and prevalence of violent 12, the child knew the offender; twovictimization by sexual assault, the re- thirds of the victims 18 to 29 years old had a prior relationship with the rapist. sponse of the justice system to such The FBI’s UCR arrest data, as well as crimes, and the characteristics of court conviction data and prison adthose who prey on victims of all ages missions data, all point to a sex ofby committing sexual assault or rape. fender who is older than other violent This report reinforces a striking obser- offenders, generally in his early thirties, and more likely to be white than vation in recent studies about crimes other violent offenders  characterisinvolving rape and sexual assault: In tics that match the information oba high percentage of cases, the victims are children. In self-reported vic- tained from victims who describe the timization surveys of the public age 12 offender to interviewers in the National and older, teenagers report the highest Crime Victimization Survey. per capita rates of exposure to rape This report...
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