Raising the Driving Age

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Lamplighters Group

Prepared for
The Hon. Mauril Belanger
Liberal Member of Parliament
House of Commons

Prepared by
Zach Allen
Senior Research Consultant
Lamplighters Group

March 28, 2012

139 Sparks Street
Ottawa ON K1P 5B5
March 28, 2012

The Hon. Mauril Belanger
09 Justice Building
House of Commons
Ottawa ON K1A 0A6
Dear MP Belanger,
Here is the Report you requested on whether or not the minimum driving age should be raised from 16 to 18 years old. As requested, we have researched data from a multitude of different resources, including studies, statistics, and articles, and have come up with a recommendation we feel best suits the needs of the country. It is our belief that raising the minimum driving age is a necessary step in order to lower the accident and death rate of Canadian teenagers. Not only will this report outline our findings, but the evidence displayed will undoubtedly lead you to the same conclusion. 16 year olds are too immature and irresponsible to be given such a big responsibility, that is, to be in control of something that can not only endanger their own lives, but the lives of their passengers, and everyone else on the road. We would like to personally thank you for this opportunity to permanently steer the Canada in the right direction in regards to the safety of Canada youth. We at Lamplighters Group look forward to further discussions of this topic, as well as to working with you in the future. Sincerely,

Zach Allen
Senior Research Consultant
Lamplighters Group

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….iii INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....1
Purpose………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
Background…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1 REASONS FOR RAISING THE DRIVING AGE……………………………………………………………………………………....1
Death Rate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….1
Relevant Statistics/Studies………………………………………………………………………………………………….3
Pollution/Environment………………….……………………………………………………………………………………4
Driving Age in Other Countries…………………………………………………………………………………………...5
Economic Factors………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..6
Brain Maturity…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6
Obesity………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 RECOMMENDATION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….8

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure
1 leading causes of death among teenagers by gender…………………………………………………………………….2 2 Average annual rate of death from motor vehicle accident, by age and sex…………………………………..2 3 Percentage of kilometers driven and drivers involved in collisions by age group……………………………4 4 When Teenagers Get Their License to Drive (by country)……………………………………………………………...5

Executive Summary

Teenage motor vehicle accidents and motor vehicle causing deaths are an ongoing epidemic in Canada. Because of this something must be done to try and make Canadian roads safer. The questions now trying to be answered is whether or not that “something” is to raise the minimum driving age from 16 to 18. Some experts say that driving is a learned skill, and therefore, increasing the driving age to 18 will only shift the problem from 16 year olds to 18 year olds. Others say that the skills are there, but that it is a lack of maturity that is causing the younger population to be such a menace behind the wheel. Though research of studies, articles, and professional opinions, the following reasons and explanations give justification to changing the minimum driving age to 18: 1. Death Rate- The death rate of teenagers in Canada due to car accidents is too high. Car accidents are the number one cause of accidents to teenagers in Canada and therefore the driving age must be raised.

2. Relevant Statistics/Studies- Studies show a direct correlation between rising ages and lower crash rates per driver....
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