Railways

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Pakistan Railways (reporting mark PR) is a national state-owned rail transport service of Pakistan, head-quartered in Lahore. It is administered by the federal government under the Ministry of Railways. PR provides an important mode of transportation throughout Pakistan. It is commonly referred to as the "life line of the country", by aiding in large-scale movement of people and freight throughout Pakistan.Pakistan Railways (PR) is the state owned railway company of Pakistan. It is a large organization under the administration of Ministry of Railways. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. The current Chairman is Muhammad Arif Azim.

Over the past many years, Pakistan Railways has been facing problems and is now on the verge of bankruptcy. With budget deficit of billions, eroding market share and corruption scandals, the future of Pakistan Railways – once the life line of the country – is grim. At the time of independence, both India and Pakistan, inherited the Railway Network laid down by British. While Indian Railways has emerged as a highly profitable organization, Pakistan Railways is struggling to keep itself running.

This report summarizes how organization development can help Pakistan Railways revamp its image and goodwill. It is based on facts and hypothetical situations created by the group members to evaluate the applicability of OD interventions. The data is collected from various sources including books, newspaper articles and internet.

The report provides introduction of Pakistan Railways, its history, organizational structure which is then followed by how the concepts of entering and contracting can be applied to this case. Diagnosis of the organization has been done with the help of data collected and hypothetical situations. Based on the diagnosis, OD interventions have been suggested for Pakistan railways which include techno-structural interventions and collaborative interventions.

1. PAKISTAN RAILWAYS

History

The idea of a rail network was first thought of in 1847, with the possibility of Karachi becoming a major seaport. Sir Henry Edward Frere, who was appointed as the Commissioner of Sindh, sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin a survey for a Karachi Seaport and a survey for a railway line in 1858. The proposed railway line would be laid from Karachi (city) to Kotri. A steamboat service on the Indus and Chenab rivers would connect Kotri to Multan and from there another railway line would be laid to Lahore and beyond. On May 13, 1861, the first railway line was opened to the public, between Karachi (city) and Kotri, with a total distance of 105 miles (169 km). By 1886, there were four railway companies operating in what would become Pakistan. The Scinde (Sindh) Railways, Indian Flotilla Company, Punjab Railway and Delhi Railways. These were amalgamated into the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railways Company and purchased by the Secretary of State for India in 1885, and in January 1886 formed the North Western State Railways.This would eventually become Pakistan Railways in 1947. Another Railway line between Karachi and Keamari was opened on June 16, 1889. In 1897, the line from Keamari to Kotri was doubled. It was the year 1857 when the idea was suggested by William Andrew (Chairman of Scinde, Punjab and Delhi Railway) that the railways to the Bolan Pass would have strategic role in responding to any threat by Russia. During the second Afghan War (1878–80) between Britain and Afghanistan, a new urgency was needed to construct a Railway line up to Quetta in order to get easier access to the frontier. On 18 September 1879, under the orders of Viceroy Council, work begun on laying the railway tracks and after four months the first 215 km of line from Ruk to...
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