English IV, Period
The Victorian Era was a time during which Queen Victoria, born in 1819, reigned over the United Kingdom, ruling from 1837 until her death in 1901(“Victorian Era”). 1830 is considered the beginning of the Victorian Era to some literary historians, but the keystone that really made its mark on this era was the passage of the First Reform Bill in 1832 . This bill gave the middle-class Englishmen some form of hope toward finally being heard by their government (“Victorian Era”). “The death of the poet laureate William Wordsworth in 1850, rang the death knell for idyllic romanticism in the arts and the onset of Victorian high seriousness with the ascent of Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) as the new poet laureate”(“Victorian Era”). This time period was more of a time of transition, and the end of the Victorian Era became evident in 1861, when prince Albert died of typhoid or cancer. The Victorian Era was considered the time period when literature began to develop from Romantic to the literature of the twentieth century (“Victorian Literature”). The widowed queen withdrew from the throne therefore robbing Great Britain of an intelligent and astute leader”(“Victorian Era”). Modernism was then introduced, and took over the first four decades of twentieth century and dominated (Dettmar 1). Modernism began to surface in 1901 and took over artistic productions such as visual, musical, design, and literary arts until 1939 (Dettmar 1). “Modernism can be split into two categories: Modernism and Post-Modernism. Early Modernists used elements of experimentation, freedom, radicalism, and utopianism. Post-Modernists, however, rebelled against many modernist elements and instead depicted disillusionment and elements of dystopian ideas—dehumanized and fearful lives” (“Modernism”). The world and the activities going on at the moment greatly influenced the rise and downfall of this era. For example, WWI...