It encompasses the beliefs, attitudes, behaviors, and practices that define
people based on racial classifications. People who are racist generally have a
lack of knowledge or experience as it applies to negative beliefs and
attitudes. Racism uses the inflexible assumption that group differences are
biologically determined and therefore inherently unchangeable.
Racism does not exist in a vacuum, but rather is enacted and reinforced
through social, cultural, and institutional practices that endorse the
hierarchical power of one racial group over another.
Racism in the United States has existed since the inception of this
country. It is an institution that has dramatically shaped American society.
European settlers began with overt acts of racial discrimination, such as the
enslavement and genocide of African and Native American people. The use
of direct force and political subjugation helped White people maintain
unconditional authority over non-White inhabitants and elevated White
power and privilege. Exploitation of non-Whites also helped constitute
much of the rapid economic growth and prosperity seen in American
Over the years, however, many non-White and White citizens
fought against the institutionalization of power based on the color of one's
skin. As historic legislation against racial discrimination grew, the
semblance of overt racism was replaced by more covert racism; in which
the generations of institutional and individual racial prejudice continue to
plague the way members of different races think, act, and feel towards one
another. Along with the KKK, other anti-black, pro-white groups formed
and stemmed out all over the U.S.A. The Neo Nazis who are more
commonly known by the term "Skin Heads", are a growing force in hate groups. There hatred of Hispanics,...