I. Attention Getter: “Hating people because of their color is wrong. And it doesn't matter which color does the hating. It's just plain wrong.” – Muhammed Ali (http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/racism
II. Listener Relevance and Identification: From the speeches you’ve heard from all people present, I’m sure you have observed the different blend of cultures we have here. It is great that this class appreciates diversity and does not discriminate anyone because of their ethnicity or colour.
III. Credibility: As an international student who is also black, I’ve witnessed many forms of racism and it appears to be as a problem that needs to be solved.
IV. Thesis statement: Racism in our society.
I will be focusing on racism and the general issues it raises . I will speak about its origin and its variations ,give examples and discuss the effect racism and how you and I can make a change
[First I’ll talk about what racism is and the history]
I. Main point #1 According to the American Heritage College Dictionary, racism has two meanings. Firstly, racism is, “The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.” Secondly, racism is, “Discrimination or prejudice based on race.” A. (First sub-point: description of problem)
Examples of the first definition abound. When slavery was practiced in the United States, blacks were not only considered inferior to whites but regarded as property instead of human beings. During the 1787 Philadelphia Convention, it was agreed that slaves were to be considered three-fifths people for purposes of taxation and representation. Generally during slavery, blacks were deemed intellectually inferior to whites. This notion persists in modern-day America. http://racerelations.about.com i. Facts: Students of colour are far less likely to be put in honours courses even after you take test scores and grades into account. ii. Source: Gordon, Rebecca. 1998. Education and Race. Oakland: Applied Research Center: 48-9; Fischer, Claude S. et al., 1996. Inequality by Design: Cracking the Bell Curve Myth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press: 163; Steinhorn, Leonard and Barabara Diggs-Brown, 1999. By the Color of Our Skin: The Illusion of Integration and the Reality of Race. NY: Dutton: 95-6. iii. This statistic is however incorrect and judgmental. “A person will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”
2. (Stories of racism)
[lets look at some examples of racist situations]
B. (There are various types of racist situations that is going on in America today) 3. (Institutional Racism)
iv. School Finance: Millions of African American and Latino young people in the United States don’t get an education equal to that of most whites, partly because the urban schools they go to don’t have as much money as the schools in the white suburbs. This is because the country has decided that much of the money for schools should come from local property taxes. So in communities where the houses and businesses are less expensive, the schools don’t get enough money to provide a high quality education. This is unfair. This is institutional racism. If we financed schools differently every student, regardless of his or her "race", could go to a high quality school that was the equal of the schools other students attend. http://www.anti-racismonline.org
4. (Wealth distribution)
v. Wealth Created During Slavery: From the 1600’s to 1863 slave labor by African Americans created a tremendous amount of wealth in the United States. This wealth was all taken by white people. When slavery was ended, the wealth that the former slaves had created was not shared with them. The effects of...