Racial Formation

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Omi and Winant
I. Racial Formations
A. Susie Guillory Phipps vs. The State of Louisiana
            1. Susie Guillory Phipps sued the state of Louisiana over the right to change her racial classification from black to white             2. Due to state law which states anyone with one-thirty-second “negro blood” in them was to be classified as black 3. Her case was lost and her classification was unchanged

       B. Racial Categories on Birth Certificates
1. The assignments of racial categories on birth certificates was argued to be unconstitutional by Brian Begue attorney for Susie Guillory Phipps 2. Assistant Attorney General Ron Davis argued to be necessary to comply with federal record keeping requirements and for programs for prevention of genetic diseases by  

II. What is Race
A. Discovery of the New World
1.      Upon discovering the New World European explorers encountered “natives” which challenged the existing conception of the origins of the human species 2.      Questions were raised as to whether all could be considered in the same “family of man” 3.      Arguments over creation took place and many wondered whether God had created only one “species” of humanity 4.      Europeans wondered if natives were in fact human beings 5.      Race was a central factor in determining why some people should be “free” and others enslaves, why some had rights to land and property while others did not

B. Science and Biology behind Race

1.      In the 18th and 19th centuries race was thought of as a biological concept 2.      Most physical anthropologists and biologist have abandoned the quest for scientific basis to determine racial categories  

III. Race as a Social Concept
A. Biological vs. Social Sciences
1.      Social sciences have come to reject biological notions of race, instead going with an approach which regards race as more of a social concept    2. Crucial in refuting...
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