Racial Formation

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Rong GaoGao #1
Elizabeth Kim
English 9 am - 10:30 am
Date: July 12th, 2012
Summary of Racial Formation (By: Omi and Winant)

In "Racial Formation". The author stated that Race is a racial formation. In 1982, a hypo-descent called Susie Guillory Phipps sued the Louisiana Bureau of Vital Records to change her racial classification from black to white. Unfortunately she lost, base on the 1970 state law, anyone with at least on-thirty-second "Negro blood" are consider black. There are many interpretation of the meaning of race in many different condition. "Race" is a term that human created to distinguish people in particular group of people. The identity of race is that "we utilize race to provide clues about who a person is". (Omi and Winant page 4) The Racial Ideology are based on racial etiquette, racial beliefs and media. Racialization means "to signify the extension of racial meaning to a previously racially unclassified relationship, social practice or group". (page 5). What is Race? This hasn't be a issue since the European explorers discovered people who looked different that themselves. Those people who looked different them European challenged the concept of humanity. "Race" is a term that people used to distinguish European and people looked different than themselves. The purpose of it is to distinguished rather a people should treat as a property or a human, should it be free or enslave. Or more basicly to distinguish "superior" and "inferior". Gao #2 Race is a social concept. Because a group of people called hypo-descent which is the "affiliation with the subordinate rather than the superordinate group in order to avoid the ambiguity of intermediate identity..."(page 3). Hypo-descent can be classify different in different society. For example, hypo-descent are define as black in the United States because the law in United States stated that anyone with at...
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