题 目奥巴马连任美国总统背景下的美国种族歧视 Racial Discrimination in the US: Against the Backdrop of a Second Presidency of Barack Obama
姓 名 林俊晖
学 号 30908085
开 题 报 告
Racial Discrimination in the US: Against the Backdrop of a Second Presidency of Barack Obama
1. Purpose and Significance
This thesis provides a clear picture on the status quo of racial discriminations in the United States. The reasons for Obama’s success are also analyzed which will be of some benefits to comprehend the racial issues and the status of minorities nowadays. The racial problems cannot be solved in one day, more efforts need to be made, and more work needs to be done. Every minority group should be self-dependent with more strength. Only in this way can they gain more respect. All the people of the country should work together to eliminate the racial discriminations, and then true equality can be embraced and shared. Reasonable laws and regulations should be formulated to forbid any kind of discrimination against blacks. Finally, all the ethnic groups should communicate more often, develop friendship and gain more understanding about each other. In addition, hopefully this thesis will be of a little help to further studies in this field.
2. Current Literature Review
In today's egalitarian world, Consisting of various races and despite of political democracy, economic freedom, social equality, justice of law, for a long time, America exists racial discriminations in permeated all aspects of social life, for example, in economy, the slogan 'Equal Pay for Equal Work' looks nominal. However, accompanying with Barack Hussein Obama’s election of president of the United States in 2008, being the first black president in its history, many people thought that the racial discrimination is gone. Is there really no racism in the United States or whether it has been gradually dying out? In the last four years, numerous facts point out that racial discriminations are still in America against the backdrop of president Obama’s second presidency in 2012. Can anything change? What will the racial discrimination be like? That's the main purpose of this paper which focuses on the racism reality in US and the President Obama's historical significance. Legally, according to Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
The term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, color, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.
This definition does not make any difference between discrimination based on ethnicity and race, in part because the distinction between the two remains debatable among anthropologists. Similarly, in British law the phrase racial group means "any group of people who are defined by reference to their race, colour, nationality (including citizenship) or ethnic or national origin". Sociologically, some sociologists have defined racism as a system of group privilege. In Portraits of White Racism, David Wellman has defined racism as “culturally sanctioned beliefs, which, regardless of intentions involved, defend the advantages whites have because of the subordinated position of racial minorities”. It is the reason why racism is so rooted in the mind of American people. Sociologist and former American Sociological Association president Joe Feagin also argues that the United States can be...