Racial Discrimination and Hispanics in the United States

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Racial discrimination has a long history in the United States of America. It dates back to the days of slavery. Mexican descendants are migrating to the United States at an alarming rate. The culture that the Mexicans experience in their own country is very different from the culture they experience upon arriving in the United States of America. The U. S. Census Bureau created the label “Hispanic” for convenience. Some people of Spanish descent think of themselves as “Hispanic” and others prefer the term “Latino”; however, most identify with a particular country, such as Cuba, Argentina, or Spain (Macionis 2006) Hispanics accounted for 14.8 percent of the population in the United States of America in 2006 (www.prb.org). The percentage was 15.4 percent in 2008. Hispanics owned 6.8 percent of the businesses in 20002 (www.census.gov). Hispanics and Latinos come to America for a better life. Someone in our sociology class advised that her husband’s family migrated to America where they could have a better life. She stated that once a person reached the age of 30 or so they were forced to retire. She also stated that the people working in Mexico only make about $60.00 to support their families.

It would be hard to move to a different country in which the people spoke a language that you did not speak or understand. The older people that are living in the United States rely on their children and grandchildren to translate for them when they have to communicate with people that only speak the English language. Many older Hispanic adults do not have any formal education. The younger generation that is living in America now is completing at least high school. Some even go on to college and become successful college students. There are programs in some schools that offer the curriculum taught in bilingual. Many school systems across America are experiencing budget cuts and some of these bilingual programs may be cut, even if they have been successful. One such program is in danger in Orange county Florida.The Parent Leadership Council, the League of United Latin American Citizens of Florida and others say eliminating the program is a bad idea. Advocates note that English is a critical skill that will not only help students graduate from high school but also will help them assimilate into the culture and become successful citizens. The one-way program is one of many ways that the district teaches English to speakers of other languages. Overall, about 18 percent of Orange County's 175,000 students take classes to learn English. Spanish is the predominant foreign language spoken in the county's public schools. A federal court order requires Florida's districts to treat non-English-speaking children equitably, and it regulates how that should happen. The council argues that the cuts violate that order in part because officials did not include parents in the discussion (Hobbs 2010). The existence of a large Latin American community living and working in the United States has been the main cause for the Spanish language to have gradually found its way into the North-American society. Those belonging to this community use both Spanish and English on a daily basis, although not usually to the same degree: Spanish is normally spoken in colloquial situations, whereas English is the language used in work or academic contexts. The code-switching between the two languages emerges as a tool of identification with both cultures. Over the past few years, the cultural reality of all those people who are able to alternate English and Spanish in the same conversation has emerged in the United States as a new theme for movies and television shows (Carra 2009).The people today that are bilingual are in great demand in many jobs. There is a job where there is a great demand for an individual that can speak Spanish and English. Law enforcement as well as the court system has a great need of such individuals. The one problem that individuals face...
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