The method of this research was solely by archival data using the results of the Sackett and Dubois Study (1991). Sackett and DuBois used evaluations from the United States Army involving 561 black and 1259 white soldiers, also 331 black and 286 white civilian employees. Each employee was rated by black and white supervisors. Sackett and Dubois concluded that all supervisors, black and white, consistently rated white employees higher than black. However, black supervisors rated black employees substantially higher than their white counterparts. The current researchers conclude that this is the ground work for further research involving this topic with different data sets.
A more remarkable part of this research is the recovery of the National Research Council report on test bias in the United States Employment U.S. Employment Service's General Aptitude Test Battery (Hartigan and Wigdor, 1989). The NRC warned that current evidence suggests that supervisors will tend to rate members of their own race higher than others, all the while acknowledging most evaluations are from white supervisors. Sackett and Dubois took this into account and included a black and white supervisor evaluation for each employee.
The largest flaw of the Sackett and Dubois study is the sample of people selected. The use of... [continues]
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