Race and the Invisible Hand
Racism is a social dilemma that has been dealt a frequent occurrence in the history of mankind. People have experienced different forms of racism and depending on what part of the world you lived in, many wars have been fought different ethnic and racial group. The term racism has been over used so much so that it does no longer have a significant definition. The meaning varies depending on who is being asked what racism is. According to the book, "Institutional Racism in America," however, racism is a broad term. “Discrimination, segregation, harassment intimidation and other acts are what is deemed illegal in America, the authors note. When these acts are practiced on groups because of their race, sex, age, and perhaps sexual orientation it then in turn becomes sexism, or racial segregation, or age discrimination, et cetera” (Mason). Racism has an economic, political and health factor, as many leaders in the world as well as average citizen’s use race as a motivating factor to make decisions. Presently, a countless number of people whose social imagination has been obscured like to believe that racism is so ambiguous in the post-civil rights generation that indubitably it ceases to stand. Royster Deidre’s book which is titled “Race and the Invisible Hand: How White Networks Exclude Black Men from Blue-Collar Job” falsifies this understanding and gives American racism a palpable image. Royster, a professor of sociology at the College of William and Mary, came to an agreement to carry on her own scientific study matter of fact after observing the apparent predicament of many Black men she had grown up with who have experienced racism. Seeing that so many who had trained for blue- collar professions were either underemployed or totally unable to find work, she set about to figure out why (Williams). In this case study, Dr. Royster Deidre interviews 25 white men and 25 black men to see how they were all faring in the working field. These 50 men studied the same vocational courses at the same high school where the social structure that had been set up allowed white teachers to go to their extremes just to find concrete employments but when it came to the black males, all they could give was verbal support and nothing more. Unfortunately, this goes to show how that racism still linger and it allows not people to partake on an equal playing field (William). The white teachers discriminating against the black male students bring about an inequality even before they get to the working field. Howbeit, the black men earned just as good grades and attended classes just as the white men, their distinguished vigor rationalizes not why their white comrades continue to effortlessly find jobs, get a much substantial pay, and overall are so much better off. Dr. Royster during her studies came to find out that employers of a white background would grant pardon and look past white males with criminal backgrounds but for black men in the exact situation, it is a denouncement. White employers would very much prefer to tell white applicants "You didn't get hired due to affirmative action" rather than "You were far from the most qualified person". White employers met their applicants of white decent employers in places where few black males would have access to. Places such as pronouncedly-white parks, golf courses, and churches just to mention a few. Dr. Royster describes herself as "a very, light-skinned African American" and for that reason, the white interviewees exposed to her things that she is sure they would not have revealed to an ordinary black researcher. This confidential study is downright fascinating, and it yielded solid, truthful, and accurate results. Conversely, white males has a greater advantage over blacks and minorities as they have more network, which is the "who you know" gets you into doors. Even though most whites understand they have upper hand as far as career ladder in any given...
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