A PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED TO
This is to certify that this project work is submitted by ANURAG AGARWAL to the Chemistry department, Aditya Birla Public School, Kovaya was carried out by him under the guidance & supervision during academic year 2008-2009.
Mrs. Raji Jayaprasad Mr. B.D.KOTWANI
Aditya Birla public School (Head of chemistry dept.)
I wish to express my deep gratitude and sincere thanks to Principal, Mrs. Raji Jayaprasad, Aditya Birla public school, kovaya for her encouragement and for all the facilities that she provided for this project work. I sincerely appreciate this magnanimity by taking me into her fold for which I shall remain indebted to her.
I extend my hearty thanks to Mr. B.D.KOTWANI, chemistry HOD, who guided me to the successful completion of this project. I take this opportunity to express my deep sense of gratitude for his invaluable guidance, constant encouragement, constructive comments, sympathetic attitude and immense motivation, which has sustained my efforts at all stages of this project work. I am also thankful to Mr. Pankaj Bajpai who has helped in each step of my project work.
I can’t forget to offer my sincere thanks to my classmates who helped me to carry out this project work successfully & for their valuable advice & support, which I received from them time to time.
I do hereby declare that this project work has been originally carried under the guidance and supervision of Mr. B.D. KOTWANI, head of chemistry department, Aditya Birla Public School, Kovaya.
1) Certificate (ii)
2) Acknowledgement (iii)
3) Declaration (iv)
4) Dedication (vi)
5) Introduction 07
6) Aim 10
7) Requirements 10
8) Theory 11
9) Reactions 12
10) Procedure 13
11) Observations 15
12) Result 15
13) Bibliography 16
I DEDICATE THIS PROJECT WORK TO THE LOTUS FEET OF
MRS. RAMA AGARWAL
Aluminium because of its low density, high tensile strength and resistance to corrosion is widely used for the manufacture of aeroplanes, automobiles lawn furniture as well as for aluminium cans. Being good conductor of electricity it is used for transmission of electricity. Aluminium is also used for making utensils. The recycling of aluminium cans and other aluminium products is a very positive contribution to saving our natural resources. Most of the recycled aluminium is melted and recast into other aluminium metal products or used in the production of various aluminium compounds, the most common of which are the alums. Alums are double sulphates having general formula
X = Monovalent cation; M = Trivalent cation
Some important alum and their names are given below:
K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O – Potash Alum
Na2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O - Soda Alum
K2SO4.Cr2(SO4)3.24H2O – Chrome Alum
(NH)2SO4.Fe2(SO4)3.24H2O - ...