Ra 9275

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Republic of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
Metro Manila
Twelfth Congress
Third Regular Session

Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-eight day of July, two thousand three. Republic Act No. 9275 March 22, 2004
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR A COMPREHENSIVE WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: CHAPTER 1
SECTION 1. Short Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004." SECTION 2. Declaration of Policy. - The State shall pursue a policy of economic growth in a manner consistent with the protection, preservation and revival of the quality of our fresh, brackish and marine waters. To achieve this end, the framework for sustainable development shall be pursued. As such, it shall be the policy of the State: a) To streamline processes and procedures in the prevention, control and abatement of pollution of the country's water resources; b) To promote environmental strategies, use of appropriate economic instruments and of control mechanisms for the protection of water resources; c) To formulate a holistic national program of water quality management that recognizes that water quality management issues cannot be separated from concerns about water sources and ecological protection, water supply, public health and quality of life; d) To formulate an integrated water quality management framework through proper delegation and effective coordination of functions and activities; e) promote commercial and industrial processes and products that are environment friendly and energy efficient; f) To encourage cooperation and self-regulation among citizens and industries through the application of incentives and market-based instruments and to promote the role of private industrial enterprises in shaping its regulatory profile within the acceptable boundaries of public health and environment; g) To provide for a comprehensive management program for water pollution focusing on pollution prevention; h) To promote public information and education and to encourage the participation of an informed and active public in water quality management and monitoring; i) To formulate and enforce a system of accountability for short and long-term adverse environmental impact of a project, program or activity; and j) To encourage civil society and other sectors, particularly labor, the academe and business undertaking environment-related activities in their efforts to organize, educate and motivate the people in addressing pertinent environmental issues and problems at the local and national levels. SECTION 3. Coverage of the Act. - This Act shall apply to water quality management in all water bodies: Provided, That it shall primarily apply to the abatement and control of pollution from land based sources: Provided, further, That the water quality standards and regulations and the civil liability and penal provisions under this Act shall be enforced irrespective of sources of pollution. ARTICLE 2

SECTION 4. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act:
a) Aquifer - means a layer of water-bearing rock located underground that transmits water in sufficient quantity to supply pumping wells or natural springs. b) Aquatic life - means all organisms living in freshwater, brackish and marine environment. c) Beneficial use - means the use of the environment or any element or segment thereof conducive to public or private welfare, safety and health; and shall include, but not be limited to, the use of water for domestic, municipal, irrigation, power generation, fisheries, livestock raising, industrial, recreational and other purposes. 1. Use of water for domestic purposes - means the utilization of water for drinking, washing, bathing, cooking or other household needs, home gardens and watering of lawns...
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