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RA 9 1 6 5
Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002
What is a drug?
Any chemical substance that alters either the mind or the body.

Drugs of abuse
MARIJUANA: Cannabis sativa
DESCRIPTION:
 drug found in the flowering tops and leaves of the Indian Hemp Plant OTHER NAMES:
 Acapulco Gold, “ganga”, grass, Mary Jane, tea, pot and weed MODE OF USE:
 cigarette forms: “reefer” ; “joints”; “sticks”; “smoke”  powdered form: sniffed or taken with food
 “Hashish”: concentrated form of marijuana
POSSIBLE EFFECT:
 Euphoria, increased appetite, disoriented behavior, short term loss ☺Did you know
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the main psychoactive substance in marijuana

LSD: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
DESCRIPTION:
 powerful man-made chemical developed from an ERGOT (fungus on rye rust) alkaloids MODE OF USE:
 In tablet, capsule, ampule (hypodermic form) or in saturated sugar cubes POSSIBLE EFFECT:
 Illusions and hallucinations
 poor perception of time and distance
 serious mental changes: psychotic manifestations
 suicidal and homicidal tendencies
☺Did you know
Hallucinogens are also known as “psychedelics”.

COCAINE: Coca bush
DESCRIPTION:
 white, odorless fluffy powder extracted from the leaves of coca plant OTHER NAMES:
 ”Big C”; ”The Leaf”; “Coke”; “Nose Candy”; “Snow”; “Speed balls” (when mixed with heroin) \ MODE OF USE:
 surface active anesthetic;
 by abusers: taken orally or intravenously
 coca leaves are chewed with lime
POSSIBLE EFFECT:
 increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, dilated pupils, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite ☺Did you know
Cola beverages are made from decocainized leaves of coca plant and cola nuts.

BARBITURATE:
- Phenobarbotal (Luminal)
- Amobarbital (Amytal)
- Pentobarbotal (Nembutal)
- Secobarbital (Seconal)
- Thiopental (Pentothal)
DESCRIPTION:
 barbituric acid derived sedatives prescribed to induce sleep or in smaller doses, to provide calming effect OTHER NAMES:
 “Red Bird”; ”Red Downers”; “Blue Bird”; “Blue Devil”; “Blue Heavens”; “Yellow Jackets”; “Rainbows”; “Goof Balls”; MODE OF USE:
 Orally as tablet or capsule
 Sometimes intravenously by drug abusers
POSSIBLE EFFECT:
 slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol ☺Did you know
Barbiturates are the leading cause of drug-related deaths.

OPIUM::MORPHINE::CODEINE::HEROINE
DESCRIPTION:
a. opium:
 refers to the coagulated juice from unripened pods of the opium poppy (Papaver Somniferum L.) b. morphine: [M, Dreamer]
 fine white powder with a bitter taste; principal active component of opium c. codeine: [schoolboy]
 least addicting drug of the narcotics; a component of opium and a derivative of morphine d. heroin: [H, Snow, Stuff, Junk]
 diacetylmorphine; an alkaloid off-white crystalline powder derived from morphine and does not occur in opium; MODE OF USE:
 oral or intravenous injection
POSSIBLE EFFECT:
 Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea ☺Did you know
Legally, Narcotics or “opiates” are used in medicines as “pain relievers” or “cough suppressors”.

Republic Act 6425: “Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972”
backbone of the Philippine drug law enforcement system
Republic Act 9165: “Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002” –Signed by Gloria-Macapagal Arroyo on June 7,2002 and it took effect on July 4, 2002.

Classification of Drug Testing Laboratories:
A. Ownership
1. Government
2. Private
B. Institutional Character
1. Institutional-based
2. Freestanding
C. Service Capability
1. Screening laboratory
2. Confirmatory laboratory

TYPES OF DRUG TESTING LABORATORY

PURPOSE:
- performs TLC and immunoassays
- reports limited to: [+] or [-]
FLOOR AREA: 20 sq. meters
WORK AREA : 10 sq. meters
HEAD:
- licensed...
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