Quick Civics Lessons

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Learn About the United States
Quick Civics Lessons for the Naturalization Test

M-638 (rev. 01/13)

Learn About the United States: Quick Civics Lessons
Thank you for your interest in becoming a citizen of the United States of America. Your decision to apply for U.S. citizenship is a very meaningful demonstration of your commitment to this country and we applaud your efforts. As you prepare for U.S. citizenship, Learn About the United States: Quick Civics Lessons will help you study for the civics and English portions of the naturalization interview. There are 100 civics (history and government) questions on the naturalization test. During your naturalization interview, you will be asked up to 10 questions from the list of 100 questions. You must answer correctly at least six (6) of the 10 questions to pass the civics test. Applicants who are age 65 or older and have been a permanent resident for at least 20 years at the time of filing the Application for Naturalization, Form N-400 are only required to study 20 of the 100 civics test questions for the naturalization test. These questions are flagged with an asterisk (*) in this booklet. Learn About the United States contains short lessons based on each of the 100 civics (history and government) questions. This additional information will help you learn more about important concepts in American history and government. During your naturalization interview, you will not be tested on the additional information in the short lessons. There are three components to the English portion of the test: speaking, reading, and writing. Your ability to speak English is determined by the USCIS Officer based on your answers to questions normally asked during the eligibility interview on the Application for Naturalization, Form N-400. For the reading test, you must read one (1) out of three (3) sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to read in English. There is a reading vocabulary list with all the words found in the English reading portion of the naturalization test included in the back of this booklet. For the writing test, you must write one (1) out of three (3) sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to write in English. There is a writing vocabulary list with all the words found in the English writing portion of the naturalization test included in the back of this booklet. 

IMPORTANT NOTE: On the naturalization test, some answers may change because of elections or appointments. As you study for the test, make sure that you know the most current answers to these questions. Answer these questions with the name of the official who is serving at the time of your eligibility interview with USCIS. The USCIS Officer will not accept an incorrect answer. 

More Resources to Help You Study
Visit the USCIS Citizenship Resource Center at www.uscis.gov/citizenship for free citizenship preparation materials. Be sure to look for these helpful study tools: • Civics Flash Cards for the Naturalization Test: These easy-to-use cards include each of the 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers on the naturalization test. The Civics Flash Cards are available in English and Spanish for free online at www.uscis.gov/citizenship. Hard copies are available for purchase from the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) by calling 1-866-512-1800 (toll free) or by visiting http://bookstore.gpo.gov and searching for “Civics Flash Cards.” • Preparing for the Oath: U.S. History and Civics for Citizenship: This web resource provides videos and activities on the 100 civics questions and answers and highlights museum objects from the Smithsonian Institution. Preparing for the Oath is organized into themes related to U.S. history, government and civics, with a short video and self-test on the content of each civics question. To begin using Preparing for the Oath, visit...
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