1.Censorship and propaganda are both powerful tools used to manipulate citizens’ thoughts, actions, and feelings. Censorship is the deletion, blotting out, and editing of certain words and phrases in an effort to suppress the publics’ information. Propaganda can be described as advertising false or partially true information in an effort to win over certain peoples. The Party uses these two ideas as ways to brainwash its citizens.
Examples of censorship and propaganda can be found all throughout 1984. For instance, Winston’s job requires him to edit past articles and documents to make them always favorable to the Party and Big Bother. If Big Bother predicted that a new kind of product would be a raging success, but that product had failed miserably, his quote must be changed so that he had always thought that product would fail. The Party does not allow itself to be wrong, so by editing and censoring the past, it never will be. Propaganda is best witnessed through the Two Minutes Hate and posters of Eurasian/Eastasian soldiers. Goldstein is portrayed as a man bent on the destruction of civilization and one whom everyone must channel their anger towards, yet we do not know his true intentions, or if he even exists. Likewise, posters of foreign soldiers are intended to look menacing and ominous. Yet the people do not know or ever see the Eur/Eastasians, and the extent or nature of the war being fought against them is anybody’s guess. The telescreen is also used as a constant stream of propaganda, as it not only informs you of Oceana’s success and greatness, but can never be turned off. Through censorship and propaganda, the Party keeps the people in the dark, while also teaching them to love Big Brother.Newspeak is the official language of Oceania. It is described as “the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year”. Newspeak is always “politically correct” in the sense that all words that disagree with the ideology of the party have been removed. All negative words have been removed as well. For example instead of using the word bad, Newspeak would say “ungood”. By doing so, the language moves away from words that criticize and are unorthodox, and replaces it with simpler words that have an added on prefix or suffix. The ultimate goal of Newspeak is to reduce the necessary vocabulary into a handful or only a single word that can describe anything and everything.
The purpose of Newspeak is to simplify English into a language that has no negatives. By saying the word ungood instead of bad, a positive is still present. The Party could contort and twist the words meanings enough that even so the word represents a negative; it can still be considered a positive, but maybe slightly less positive. Either way, the value of the word, and all words eventually, has been lost. It has been replaced by an always positive, never negative way of thinking.
The Party has structured Newspeak so it will continue to decrease in size until only several words are needed to describe everything. In the world of 1984, everything is not very much. Newspeak is designed so that as the words decrease, the meanings and value decrease as well. By doing so, the world becomes a less descriptive place, and becomes duller than it had been before. This goes along with the ultimate goal of the party, which is to create a world in which everything is as simple as possible and no one will think as an individual. 3.Oceania is a vast state that controls a huge portion of land. It is made up of North America, South America, England, Australia, and parts of Africa. Oceania is constantly at war, fighting mostly for lands in northern Africa and eastern Asia. The city of London, or Airstrip One, likely resembles most of the other major cities of Oceania. I suspect that many of the other important cities such as New York City in North America or Sydney in Australia have its own quartet of the...