Question. How Important Was the Part Played by the Third Estate in the French Revolution Up to 1793? Definition-Third Estate Consisted of the Industrial, Professional, Commercial and Intellectual Classes Generally Known

Topics: French Revolution, Louis XVI of France, Constitutional monarchy Pages: 3 (1100 words) Published: May 25, 2013
question. HOW IMPORTANT WAS THE PART PLAYED BY THE THIRD ESTATE IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION UP TO 1793? Definition-Third Estate consisted of the industrial, professional, commercial and intellectual classes generally known as the Bourgeoisie. Workers, peasants and everybody else who was not a noble or clergy also belonged to the Third estate. They made up 97% of the population. Part played-they revolted against Louis xvi in 1789 by breaking away from the Estates-General to form the National/Constituent Assembly. They vowed not to dissolve until after they had written a constitution for France. The Revolt and formation of the National assembly was one of highly significant actions by which the previously excluded and oppressed Third Estate grabbed a share of the political power and participation. It was one of the actions by which Louis xvi was practically reduced from an absolute to a constitutional monarch. The march of women on Versailles and the forced relocation of Louis xvi and National Assembly to Paris to Versailles were also highly significant actions by the Third Estate which served to emphasize the Third Estate’s emergence as the dominant political force in France. Correspondingly Louis xvi was reduced in stature and he increasingly fell under the dominance and direction of the Third Estate. In 1789 the rise of the Third Estate and the corresponding decline of the monarchy, first and second estates was further confirmed by further actions of the Third Estate that included the storming of the Bastille, the abolition of the privileges of the clergy and nobles and seizure of the nobles and church lands. Other highly significant actions confirming the new political, social and economic order included the Declaration of Rights and violence against nobles and their property which led to the emigration of the nobles and clergy from France into exile in countries such as Austria, Prussia and England. The declaration of rights following the abolition of the...
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