Question and Answer for Engineering Ethics

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1) engineering as a professional :
a) Differentiate between Job and Professional 

Job stands for "just over broke" thus requiring minimal education and one with little to no experience will suffice to get the job done. One can easily be replaced at a job. Profession is a commitment to a higher level of education where on must attend and acquire skilled training. A profession requires critical thinking skills.

Profession vs Job

* The field in which a person works is referred to as his profession while the role he is performing relates to his job. * Thus a person who has received a degree in law performs the job of a lawyer being in the legal profession * A profession is bigger than a job that a person can keep on changing * A profession has many jobs and a job is only a part of a profession.

b) Criteria for Professional

I. Expert and specialized knowledge in field which one is practicing professionally. II. Excellent manual/practical and literary skills in relation to profession. III. High quality work in (examples): creations, products, services, presentations, consultancy, primary/other research, administrative, marketing, photography or other work endeavors. IV. A high standard of professional ethics, behavior and work activities while carrying out one's profession (as an employee, self-employed person, career, enterprise, business, company, or partnership/associate/colleague, etc.). V. Reasonable work morale and motivation. Having interest and desire to do a job well as holding positive attitude towards the profession are important elements in attaining a high level of professionalism. VI. A professional is an expert who is a master in a specific field.

c) Difference between engineering and other professions.

Difference between scientist and engineer

I. Scientists develop theories to understand the nature, and engineers apply that knowledge to solve real world problems II. Engineers have to consider the financial effects of their work, though scientists are not concerned about them III. Engineers are usually belong to the professional category, whereas scientists are often belong to academic category IV. Although mathematics is the key tool and language for both, engineers use more approximations and empirical methods than scientists. V. Engineers concern more on design and optimization, whereas scientists concern on research and results.

2) Engineering Code of Ethics

BEM

Function
* Maintaining the register
* Processing applications for registration
* Assessment of academic qualification
* Regulating the conduct & ethics of the engineering profession * Fixing the scale of fees
* Publication
* Promotion of continued learning and education

BEM code of ethic
* A registered engineer holds paramount the safety, health & welfare of the public. * A registered engineer only take assignment if he is qualified in the specific technical fields. * A registered engineer shall issue public statements only in an objective & truthful manner.

* A registered engineer shall act for each employer or clients as faithful agent or trustee. * A registered engineer shall conduct himself honorably, responsibly, ethically & lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation & usefulness of the profession.

IEM

Function
* a society established to promote.
* Advance the Science and Profession of Engineering in any or all its disciplines. * To facilitate the exchange of information.
* Ideas related to Engineering.

IEM code of ethic
* Responsibility for the welfare, health and safety of the community. * To act in order to merit the trust of the community and membership. * Offer services, advise or undertake engineering assignments, only in areas of their competence. * Act with fairness, honesty and in good faith towards all in the community. * Apply their skill...
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