quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition andentanglement, to perform operations on data.[1] Quantum computers are different from digital computers based on transistors. Whereas digital computers require data to be encoded into binary digits (bits), each of which is always in one of two definite states (0 or 1), quantum computation uses qubits (quantum bits), which can be in superpositionsof states. A theoretical model is the quantum Turing machine, also known as the universal quantum computer. Quantum computers share theoretical similarities with non-deterministic and probabilistic computers; one example is the ability to be in more than one state simultaneously. The field of quantum computing was first introduced by Yuri Manin in 1980[2] and Richard Feynman in 1982.[3][4] A quantum computer with spins as quantum bits was also formulated for use as a quantum space–time in 1969.[5] As of 2014 quantum computing is still in its infancy but experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits.[6]Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national governments and military funding agencies support quantum computing research to develop quantum computers for both civilian and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis.[7] Large-scale quantum computers will be able to solve certain problems much quicker than any classical computer using the best currently known algorithms, like integer factorization using Shor's algorithm or the simulation of quantum many-body systems. There exist quantum algorithms, such as Simon's algorithm, which run faster than any possible probabilistic classical algorithm.[8] Given sufficient computational resources, however, a classical computer could be made to simulate any quantum algorithm; quantum computation does not violate the Church–Turing thesis.[9]A quantum computer is a computation device that makes direct use ofquantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition andentanglement, to perform operations on data.[1] Quantum computers are different from digital computers based on transistors. Whereas digital computers require data to be encoded into binary digits (bits), each of which is always in one of two definite states (0 or 1), quantum computation uses qubits (quantum bits), which can be in superpositionsof states. A theoretical model is the quantum Turing machine, also known as the universal quantum computer. Quantum computers share theoretical similarities with non-deterministic and probabilistic computers; one example is the ability to be in more than one state simultaneously. The field of quantum computing was first introduced by Yuri Manin in 1980[2] and Richard Feynman in 1982.[3][4] A quantum computer with spins as quantum bits was also formulated for use as a quantum space–time in 1969.[5]As of 2014 quantum computing is still in its infancy but experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits.[6]Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national governments and military funding agencies support quantum computing research to develop quantum computers for both civilian and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis.[7]Large-scale quantum computers will be able to solve certain problems much quicker than any classical computer using the best currently known algorithms, like integer factorization using Shor's algorithm or the simulation of quantum many-body systems. There exist quantum algorithms, such as Simon's algorithm, which run faster than any possible probabilistic classical algorithm.[8] Given sufficient computational resources, however, a classical computer could be made to simulate any quantum algorithm; quantum computation does not violate the Church–Turing thesis.[9] A classical computer has a memory made up of bits, where each bit represents either a one or a zero. A quantum...

...What are we made of???
Throughout the years the Quantum Mechanic model has evolved many times. This evolution has taken place after every major discovery in Quantum Mechanics. The current Quantum mechanic model is by far the most accurate example of an atom and how it works. Currently the model depicts a proton (or more than one depending on the atom) and neutron in the nucleus and a an electron rotating around the nucleus in an energy level, or an...

...Rev. Richard Ramsey Advanced Theoretical Physics 301 November 26, 2010
1. Introduction
Quantum entanglement is ubiquitous, appears everywhere in the microscopic world
(See, e.g., Durt, 2004; Brooks, 2005) and under some circumstances manifests itself
Macroscopically (Arnesen, et al, 2001; Ghost et al, 2003 & Julsgaard et al, 2001). Indeed, it
Is currently the most intensely studied subject in physics....

...The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
Energy Is Quantized
After Max Planck determined that energy is released and absorbed by atoms in certain fixed amounts known as quanta, Albert Einstein took his work a step further, determining that radiant energy is also quantized—he called the discrete energy packets photons. Einstein’s theory was that electromagnetic radiation (light, for example) has characteristics of both a wave and a stream of particles.
The Bohr Model of...

...future is the thing that takes a lot of our time and efforts being computer oriented.
We have to imagine, try to figure out what the future will bring us.
We are supposed to lead our generation in looking for new and life enhancing technologies to make man's life easier and more enjoyable.
How will it look like?
[pic]THIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION THAT CAME TO OUR MINDS.
• Will we be able to talk to our computers in the future?
• Will they...

...Quantum Numbers
Quantum Numbers
The Bohr model was a one-dimensional model that used one quantum number to describe the distribution of electrons in the atom. The only information that was important was the size of the orbit, which was described by the n quantum number. Schrödinger's model allowed the electron to occupy three-dimensional space. It therefore required three coordinates, or three quantum numbers, to...

...made intuitive sense.
And then quantum mechanics came, the absolutely baffling branch of physics exploring the very smallest types of matter. The study of quantum mechanics led to some truly astounding conclusions. For instance, scientists found that electrons behave both as waves and as particles, and the mere act of observing them changes the way they behave. Revelations like this one simply defied logic, prompting Einstein to declare "the more success the...

...spreadsheeting, database, presentation graphics, operating system, or none of the above) would you most likely use given the following information?
spreadsheet | Prepare a personal budget for November, 2012 |
Operating system | Startup (bootup) your computer |
None of the above (personal information manager) | Add a new friend to an electronic telephone book |
Operating system | Make a backup of your hard disk |
None of the above (E-MAIL) | Send your completed...

...History of Computers
Table of Contents
Table of Contents . .2
Abstract . 3
Body of Research .4 - 6
Conclusion . 7
Bibliography ..8
Abstract
This project explains the history of computers, starting from Howard Aiken's Harvard Mark I to present day time. Although I have not gone over all of the models in my report, I have chosen those which I feel have had the greatest effect on the computer...

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