This paper is an academic critique of the article written by Yin-Kum Law (2008) titled The role of attribution beliefs, motivation and strategy use in Chinese fifth-graders’ reading comprehension found in Routledge Taylor & Francis Group Educational Research Journal. This article will be broken down by section, with each segment being independently evaluated. This paper is a critique of several different aspects of the research study including: data collection methods, sample and design, hypothesis, review of the literature and findings of the study.
The title of this research report first states the key variables of attribution beliefs, motivation and strategy use in reading comprehension. The population also clearly specified which is Chinese fifth-graders’. By reading the title, one can understand what the research report entails. This title was well conceived by the author.
The abstract of this article is divided into sub-sections, including; background, purpose, sample, design and methods, results, conclusions and keywords. The objective is stated clearly, which is to examine the relationships between students’ implicit belief about intelligence and ability and their awareness of reading strategies and reading comprehension. Brief explanation of sample, design and methods used also stated easier for readers to scan the relevancy of their research or study which is beneficial for future research. This quantitative study is a good example of a standard research report and can be used as a model for students who are seeking guidance in publishing their own study.
In the introduction of the article, the author stated that although previous study on the topic was made, no clarification was made on ‘the relationship between the use of motivational strategies and students’ reading proficiency’. In other words, the author explained past studies that have been done on similar issue, and emphasise the need of clarification from previous study. This statement basically outlines the premise behind the research – it is not a research question but a statement of belief on the part of the authors; a statement of belief upon which they draw in framing the purpose and focus of their research.
Review of the Review
From the reading through the literature review, there are numerous literature reviewed where researchers make analysis from the past research which emphasized on the dependent variables. Vast literature was categorised into several sub-headings which direct readers to view the relation or connection of the research between dependent variable and independent variables. Relevant background of literature was reviewed and justified in this study.
The theory chosen on attribution beliefs and motivation is widely used. All sources are relevant to the topic of either attribution beliefs or intrinsic motivation. The citations within the paper are all referenced correctly. However, my comment on the theory is there are arguments that’ an awareness and understanding of the emotional aspects of learning, whilst maintain a focus on the academic task, can help to foster an environment where students can develop their potential’ (Cartney and Rouse, 2006).
The framework that is most identifiable in this study is a conceptual framework. There is no specific theory that is related to the researchers’ focus in this study. The framework in this study is broad. Moreover, the researcher related the literature with present study made. The basis of the study is related to previous research studies and the researchers’ own experiences. This researcher used conceptual framework to help clarify his research question and aims.
The authors state that a relationship exists between the variables. In order to relate clearly between dependent variable and independent variables, sub-heading of variables were used to...