UNIT 3 ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN NURSING
3.0 3.1 3.2 Objectives Introduction Definitions of Terms
3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 Law Related Terms Nursing Related Terms Intentional Torts Consumer Protection Act (CPA)
Ethics and Ethical Issues Related to Nursing
3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.3.6 Definition of Ethics and Bioethics Ethical Theories and Approaches Ethical Principles Ethical Dilemma in Nursing Significance of Studying Ethics in Nursing ICN Code for Nurses 1973
Legal and Ethical Implications in Various Nursing Situations 3.4.1 3.4.2 Legal Implications in Admission and Discharge of Legal Implications in Few Selected Situations
3.4.3 Role of Prescribing Bodies in Nursing Practice
3.5 3.6 3.7
Human Rights and Rights of Elderly Summary Answers to Check Your Progress
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define terms related to legislation and Nursing; define ethics and describe various ethical issues related to Nursing; explain legal and ethical implications in various nursing situations; and describe the human rights and rights of elderly.
After studying this unit, you will be able to:
Nursing is defined as providing care to the healthy or sick individuals for preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative needs. The Consumers are patients with complex needs. With increased awareness of health care, health care facilities and Consumer Protection Act, patients/clients are getting awareness about their rights. Nurses also have now the expanded role, with the result the legal responsibility is increased. Hence, it is important for nursing personnel working in hospital, community and educational field to develop understanding of Legal and Ethical Issues of Nursing. You have read in Unit 2 of of this block about nursing standards for patient care. The consumers/patients have right to ask the care they are entitled for. So, in this unit the emphasis will be on legal and nursing related definitions, ethics and ethical issues related to nursing. The content also includes ethical approaches, ethical principles, ethical dilemma in nursing and significance of studying ethics in Nursing. The legal implications in various
nursing situations are also included. The content also provides the list of human rights and rights of elderly. Examples on legal and ethical issues related to nursing will provide you insight into various other situations in which the consumers/clients/patients can demand their rights for nursing care.
Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
In the following text you will study about the legal terms and terms related to nursing and intentional torts. Definition of Terms
Nursing Fig. 3.1: Definition of Terms
3.2.1 Law Related Terms
a) Law The term ‘law’ refers to those standards of human conduct established, and enforced by the authority, of an organised society through its Government. Sources of law can be Panchayat, District, State Government, Central Government, an institution or organisation. Rules and regulations related to nursing are enforced by State Nursing Council, Indian Nursing Council and Trained Nurses Assocition of the country. ‘Law’ is also defined as the sum total of manmade rules and regulations by which society is governed in a formal or binding manner. b) Act Act is a written law. When law is passed in the assembly and is approved by Government it is called as an Act. c) Legislation Oxford dictionary gives the definition of legislation as ‘the process of making laws’. Legislation is a method of improving public services. To control and maintain standard in nursing education and nursing practice, the nursing councils develop the Act in each state. Nursing legislation is developed in relation to nursing education, nursing practice and nursing administration. d) Licensure State Nursing Registration Act grants the nursing...