Qualifying Exam of the Students

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In-Text Citations: The Basics
SUMMARY: APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION) IS MOST COMMONLY USED TO CITE SOURCES WITHIN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES. THIS RESOURCE, REVISED ACCORDING TO THE 6TH EDITION, SECOND PRINTING OF THE APA MANUAL, OFFERS EXAMPLES FOR THE GENERAL FORMAT OF APA RESEARCH PAPERS, IN-TEXT CITATIONS, ENDNOTES/FOOTNOTES, AND THE REFERENCE PAGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONSULT THE PUBLICATION MANUAL OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 6TH EDITION, SECOND PRINTING. CONTRIBUTORS:JOSHUA M. PAIZ, ELIZABETH ANGELI, JODI WAGNER, ELENA LAWRICK, KRISTEN MOORE, MICHAEL ANDERSON, LARS SODERLUND, ALLEN BRIZEE, RUSSELL KECK LAST EDITED: 2012-09-14 09:39:55

REFERENCE CITATIONS IN TEXT ARE COVERED ON PAGES 169-179 OF THE PUBLICATION MANUAL. WHAT FOLLOWS ARE SOME GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR REFERRING TO THE WORKS OF OTHERS IN YOUR ESSAY. NOTE: APA STYLE REQUIRES AUTHORS TO USE THE PAST TENSE OR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE WHEN USING SIGNAL PHRASES TO DESCRIBE EARLIER RESEARCH, FOR EXAMPLE, JONES (1998) FOUND OR JONES (1998) HAS FOUND... APA CITATION BASICS

WHEN USING APA FORMAT, FOLLOW THE AUTHOR-DATE METHOD OF IN-TEXT CITATION. THIS MEANS THAT THE AUTHOR'S LAST NAME AND THE YEAR OF PUBLICATION FOR THE SOURCE SHOULD APPEAR IN THE TEXT, FOR EXAMPLE, (JONES, 1998), AND A COMPLETE REFERENCE SHOULD APPEAR IN THE REFERENCE LIST AT THE END OF THE PAPER. IF YOU ARE REFERRING TO AN IDEA FROM ANOTHER WORK BUT NOT DIRECTLY QUOTING THE MATERIAL, OR MAKING REFERENCE TO AN ENTIRE BOOK, ARTICLE OR OTHER WORK, YOU ONLY HAVE TO MAKE REFERENCE TO THE AUTHOR AND YEAR OF PUBLICATION AND NOT THE PAGE NUMBER IN YOUR IN-TEXT REFERENCE. ALL SOURCES THAT ARE CITED IN THE TEXT MUST APPEAR IN THE REFERENCE LIST AT THE END OF THE PAPER. IN-TEXT CITATION CAPITALIZATION, QUOTES, AND ITALICS/UNDERLINING • ALWAYS CAPITALIZE PROPER NOUNS, INCLUDING AUTHOR NAMES AND INITIALS: D. JONES. • IF YOU REFER TO THE TITLE OF A SOURCE WITHIN YOUR PAPER, CAPITALIZE ALL WORDS THAT ARE FOUR LETTERS...
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