One- and Two-Sample Tests of Hypothesis, Variance, and Chi-squared Analysis Problem Sets University of Phoenix
Applied Business Research and Statistics
August 5, 2011
Exercise Question 31: A new weight-watching company, Weight Reducers International, advertises that those who join will lose, on the average, 10 pounds the first two weeks with a standard deviation of 2.8 pounds. A random sample of 50 people who joined the new weight reduction program revealed the mean loss to be 9 pounds. At the .05 level of significance, can we conclude that those joining Weight Reducers on average will lose less than 10 pounds? Determine the p-value
To calculate the test statistics:
From the z-table, we find P9z<-2.525)=0.0058
So we reject the null hypothesis. There is strong evidence to suggest that the average weight loss at Weight Reducers is less than 10 pounds.
Exercise Question 32: Dole Pineapple, Inc. is concerned that the 16-ounce can of sliced pineapple is being overfilled. Assume the standard deviation of the process is .03 ounces. The quality control department took a random sample of 50 cans and found that the arithmetic mean weight was 16.05 ounces. At the 5 percent level of significance, can we conclude that the mean weight is greater than 16 ounces? Determine the p-value. Ho: μ ≤ 16
Ha: μ > 16
α = 0.05
critical value z = 1.645
test statistic = (16.05-16)/(0.03/sqrt(50)) = 11.785
We reject the null hypothesis since the test statistic is greater than the critical value. We have sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean weight is greater than 16 ounces.
Exercise Question 38: A recent article in the Wall Street Journal reported that the 30-year mortgage rate is now less than 6 percent. A sample of eight small banks in the Midwest revealed the following 30-year rate (in percent): 4.8 5.3 6.5 4.8 6.1 5.8 6.2 5.6 At the .01 significance level, can we conclude that the 30-year mortgage rate for small banks is less than 6 percent? Estimate the p-value.
The p-value is 7.5% which is greater than significance level of 1%. We fail to reject the null hypothesis but we can’t conclude that the rates are less than 6%.
Exercise Question 27: A recent study focused on the number of times men and women who live alone buy take-out dinner in a month. The information is summarized below:
At the .01 significance level, is there a difference in the mean number of time mean and women order take-out dinners in a month? What is the p-value? The test statistic: (24.51-22.69)/sqrt(4.48^2/35 + 3.86^2/40) = 1.871
The p-value is about 0.06
This is well above the 0.01 significance, so we do not reject the null hypothesis. There is no statistic difference.
Exercise Question 46: Grand Strand Family Medical Center is specifically set up to treat minor medical emergencies for visitors to the Myrtle Beach area. There are two facilities, one in the Little River Area and the other in Murrells Inlet. The Quality Assurance Department wishes to compare the mean waiting time for patients at the two locations. Samples of the waiting times reported in minutes follow:
| Waiting Time
| 31.73 28.77 29.53 22.08 29.47 18.60 32.94 25.18 29.82 26.49
| Murrells Inlet
| 22.93 23.92 26.92 27.20 26.44 25.62 30.61 29.44 23.09 23.10 26.69 22.31
Assume the population standard deviations are not the same. At the .05 significance level, is there a difference in the mean waiting time? P(T<=t) one tail 0.143947512
P(T<=t) two-tail 0.287895024558682
Since the p value is much higher than 0.05, we do not reject the null hypothesis. The means are statistically equal.
Exercise Question 52: The president of...
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