Pythia and Athens Greece

Topics: Delphi, Athens, 175 Pages: 2 (473 words) Published: March 5, 2013
Cleisthenes was born in 570 BC and died 507 BC. He was born and raised in Athens Greece. Cleisthenes was the leader of Athens Greece. Born into the rich and aristocratic Alcmaeonid clan around 570 BC, Cleisthenes was raised as a nobleman at a time when the city was deeply divided between ordinary commoners and their wealthy noble rulers. Named after his grandfather, the young boy had a great deal to live up to. His grandfather had ruled the city of Sicyon, won the Olympics as a chariot racer, and become famous all over Greece for the yearlong competition he held for suitors seeking to marry his daughter. When Cleisthenes was only 10 years old his brother-in-law Pisistratus, a popular general, seized power there was little opposition from the ordinary Athenians. Pisistratus died in 527 BC. His reign would be remembered as a 'Golden Age' of Athenian. Cleisthenes was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He championed the cause of the Delphic oracle against the town of Crisa in the Sacred War of c. 595–596 BC. Crisa was destroyed, and Delphi became one of the meeting places of the Amphictyonic League, or religious league of neighbouring states. The Pythian games were reestablished with new magnificence, and Cleisthenes won the first chariot race in 582. He founded Pythian games at Sicyon and built a new Sicyonian treasury at Delphi. His power was so great that, when he offered his daughter Agariste in marriage, some of the most prominent Greeks sought the honour, which fell upon Megacles, the Alcmaeoid. The story of the rival suitors is told by Herodotus. When Cleisthenes was forty years old he was a well-known politician with a reputation for clever strategy. Then in the year 514 BC Hippias' brother and right-hand man, Hipparchus, was assassinated in a lovers quarrel. In response Hippias became an increasingly brutal and savage dictator. After long years of waiting, Cleisthenes saw his Oracle of Delphi, the greatest shrine in all Greece; he managed to...
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