Puritans: Puritan and New England Colonies

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The New England colonies were developed between the 1630s and the 1660s because of the influential ways of the Puritans. The Puritans grew discontent with the Church of England and wanted to “purify” the church. Because of this, they decided to create their own religion where they could have freedom. Their values during the 1630s and 1660s influenced the development of the colonies in three ways: politically, economically, and socially.

One major idea which the Puritans possessed was the political look on life. The Puritans based their beliefs on theocracy, or the belief that the colony should be governed by divine guidance. They believed the church was to be the center of their lives. They illustrated this by literally forming their whole colony around the church, which can be shown in a town map of new England. Furthermore, they believed in predestination. The Elect were the ones who were chosen by God to have eternal life, and those would be the ones to rule the colony. The forming of the first colony to display this type of government, Massachusetts Bay, was lead mainly by a man names John Winthrop. Winthrop was an English writer, and often wrote about how he thought the Puritan colony should be the “city on a hill.” He often states that everyone’s eyes are on them(the Puritans). This shows that the Puritans wanted to be seen by everyone, and wanted everyone to believe what they believed. Winthrop states in his 1630 writing, “A Modell of Christian Charity“ that he believed the Puritans should work together to have a perfect Puritan colony and God will provide and guide them to the right path. The Enlarged Salem Covenant of 1636 also states that they will do nothing to offend the church and obey what the church says, and accomplish whatever they do through God’s strength, not on their own. The basis of the Puritan colonies was their focus on religion and God’s will.

Another value that the Puritans based their colonies on is economics....
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