Source: John Winthrop, “A Modell of Christian Charity,” 1630. . . . wee must be knitt together, in this worke, as one man. Wee must entertaine each other in brotherly affection. Wee must be willing to abridge ourselves of our superfluities, for the supply of others’ necessities. Wee must uphold a familiar commerce together in all meekeness, gentlenes, patience and liberality. Wee must delight in eache other; make other’s conditions our owne; rejoice together, mourne together, labour and suffer together, always haueving before our eyes our commission and community in the worke, as members of the same body. . . . The eies [eyes] of all people are upon us. Soe that if wee shall deale falsely with our God in this worke wee have undertaken, and soe cause him to withdrawe his present help from us, wee shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.
• believed they were undertaking God’s work (covenant); • wanted to establish Massachusetts Bay as an example of how to purify the Anglican Church; • wanted to establish a Bible Commonwealth (quasi-theocracy/theocracy); • emphasized cooperation and community over the individual; • emphasized conformity;
• chose John Winthrop as the leader of Massachusetts Bay
• New England towns had a relatively high population density (compact settlements). • A sense of community developed in New England towns.
• The church occupied a central position in New England towns. • Compact settlement in towns allowed the church to more closely monitor the behavior of its members and promote conformity.
• Farmers lived in towns rather than on the land they farmed. • Common pastures and woodlands could be used by any member of the community.
Source: The Enlarged Salem Covenant of 1636.
In public or private, we will willingly do nothing to the offence of the church . . . We bind our selves to study the advancement of the gospel in all truth and peace; both in...