The New England colonies developed quickly and rapidly through the early 1600’s. The colonies development was largely influenced by the Puritans, who had helped found most of the colonies in the in the region after emigrating from Britain. The philosophies, ideas, and values of the Puritans greatly shaped the development of the colonies in many ways. Politically, the idea of a united, representative government that later became a staple of the United States was from Puritan ideals. Economically, the ideals of fair pricing came from the Puritans. Socially, emphasis on religion, church, and community was another lasting influence of the Puritans. The values held by the Puritans greatly influenced the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from the 1630’s through the 1660’s.
The Puritans impacted the political development of the New England colonies. The idea of a representative government was from the Puritans. The Puritans believed the congregation should elect the reverend. The Puritans also believed the government should get its power from the people. This experiment in democracy was one of the lasting ideas of Puritan influence on the New England colonies. Extending from that idea was the idea of unity. As said by John Winthrop “Wee must be knitt together… as one man… Wee must delight in eache other, make other’s conditions our own…” [Doc. A] The concept of unity and loyalty to one another and to a government greatly shaped further development in the New England Colonies. Another political influence of the Puritans was the respect to a higher power. The deeply religious Puritans believed in salvation and the existence of a power capable of accepting or denying that salvation. Thus, they hit upon the “Limitation Of Government,” explained by John Cotton: “Let all the world learn to give mortal men no greater power than they are content they shall use…” [Doc. H] Thus, the governments of the New England colonies were impacted by...
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