(10 September 1659 - 21 November 1695)
Purcell was an English Baroque composer. He has often been called England's finest native composer. Purcell incorporated Italian and French stylistic elements but devised a peculiarly English style of Baroque music. His brief career began at the court of Charles II and on through the turbulent times of James II and finally into the period of William and Mary. Purcell’s music ranks among the finest in the Baroque period and because of him England gained a leading position in the world of music.
Title: Dido and Aeneas (Act III)
Composer: Henry Purcell
Date of Work: 1689
Instrumentation: Strings, Voice
Basis: Roman epic The Aeneid by Virgil
Characters: Dido, Aeneas, Belinda, Sorceress
5-measure pattern in slow triple meter
Free Flowing Recitative
Very low sounding, tranquil, piece of music
The tempo of the song makes it very sad for one to listen to.
Very beautiful string work throughout song , complements the singers voice.
2.) Strozzi: Begli occhi
Barabara Strozzi (1619-1677) was an Italian Baroque singer and composer. It had been suggested that Strozzi was a courtesan , and while it is ture she possessed the srtistic skills of this profesion – singing, playing the lute and writing poetry- it still remains a theory. Her singing and overall musical talents were praised by her contemporaries , noting her “bold and graceful singing”. She published many of her compositions throughout her life one of them even dedicating it to Vittoria della Rovere , gran dutchess of Tuscany. Strozzi’s works show mastery of a new solo style, stile conciatato.
Title: Begli Occhi
Composer: Barbara Strozzi
Date: Published in 1654
Genre: Italian secular cantata
Medium: Vocal duet and basso continuo
Text: Love Poem
Rhyme Scheme: a-b-b-c-c-d-d-c-c-e-e
Instrumentation: Harpischord , Voice , Bass Lute
Rhythm: slow, fast , slow , fast , fast
Fast and Dance Like Motions
Slow and Unmeasured Section
Word Painting on “Langue” and “Mordaci”
Though not being able to understand Italian, one can immediately feel the love theme throughout the song Singers complement each other very well throughout song.
Flowing motion of voices enable to one hear the feeling this song has and the talent of it singers.
3.) Bach: Contrapunctus I, from The Art of Fugue
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the elements of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. He came from a family of musicians so it's no surprise that the talent was passed onto him. Although Bach sang, played several instruments and composed music, he is better known for his compositions on the organ. He also began publishing his own work. Bach wrote over 300 musical pieces but always enjoyed studying music and playing instruments more than writing music.
Title: Contrapunctus I (The Art of Fugue)
Composer: Johann Sebastian Bach
Date of Completion: 1749
Date of Publication: 1751
Form: Fugue (4 voices)
Harmony: Overall Minor harmony but closing Major Chord
Repeated Entries of Main Theme in Different Registers
Anticipation of subject statements and overlapping of subject = stretto Final Statement over sustained pedal note
Alto, Soprano , Tenor , Bass
Opening exposition has 4 voice entries without gaps
Alternation of subject with connecting sections = episode
Very occult sounding music
Mysterious and scary at the same time
Music that can fit it perfectly with a Halloween or an old...