When speaking about Sociology of Education we are referring to the study of the functional relationship between education and the other great institutional orders of society such as the economy, religion and kin¬ship. Education is important in society and the structure and processes of education systems are related to the general process of socialization. Many sociologists may agree with this statement and different sociological theories have many different views about the role of education in society
People everywhere and everyday learn new things that help them change the world and how to do things. Even though education maintains social inequality, students are taught morals, values, and ethics by observing symbols and interactions all around them. Functionalist theorists such as Durkheim and Parsons believe that education helps maintain society by socialising young people into values of achievement, competition and equality of opportunity. Parsons argues that education has the two central functions, education meets the needs of the system by making sure that all children have a basic commitment to their society's values and beliefs and preparing individuals for their specific location within the social hierarchy. Education allocates people to the most appropriate jobs for their talents, using examinations and qualifications. Children have to start attending school from the age of four till sixteen here in Malta, some might even attend pre-school before. Since children have to attend school at a young age, their school will almost become their second home. They are taught what is right from wrong, what is good or bad, and how to treat others around them. This helps maintain a good society and prepares the kids for the future. Unlike functionalists, Marxists believe the education helps meet the needs of society by dividing it into distinct social classes, the ruling and the working class. Education socializes children into becoming obedient workers as school...
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