Who does it affect and why?
There are two different types of diabetes, type one and type two Type
one can basically affect anyone from just born to the ages of thirty/forty. It occurs because the pancreas is attacked by the immune system. (Just the insulin making part) and the immune system kills those cells. Type two is more likely to affect older people this is when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. But this can also be found in obese people with unhealthy diets and it is also linked genetically.
The extent of the problem, current statistics and tends.
Diabetes is a fairly big problem in Australia. Over 1,000,000 Australians have it and it still only going to get bigger.
What happens to the body/mind?
People with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are at a much higher risk than the general population for damage to the eyes, kidney, nerves, and blood vessels. Eyes: Diabetic eye disease starts when blood vessels in the back of the eye balloon out into pouches. This disease does not affect vision but it can become a more serious form called proliferative retinopathy. This is where damaged blood vessel close off and new weaker blood vessels take their place. These new vessels can leak blood witch blocks vision from the eye
Kidneys: Kidney disease starts when the blood vessels in the kidney become leaky. These leaky vessels allow protein from the blood to be excreted with urine. Eventually some vessels collapse and place more pressure on those that remain. Under this increased load the remaining blood vessels are also damaged and the kidney may fail. If the disease progresses to this point you may have to go on dialysis
Nerves: In diabetes the nerves that become damaged are the ones that allow you to fell temperature, pressure and pain. In most people with diabetes nerve disease (neuropathy) affects the feet and lower legs which can cause numbness or tingling. The real problem gets bigger when numbness allows injuries...