Pulmonary Rehabilitation Has Positive Effects on Depression and Anxiety in Patient's with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Pulmonary Rehabilitation has Positive Effects on Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Amy Butler

Boise State University

Abstract

Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are known to worsen patient-centered outcomes and quality of life. Evidence supports the use of pulmonary rehabilitation to effectively manage psychological morbidities in COPD.  This review examines whether pulmonary rehabilitation has a positive effect on depression and anxiety in COPD patients. In recent findings, evidence has shown that pulmonary rehabilitation, which includes exercise training, disease education, and psychosocial support, can effectively improve anxiety and depression in COPD. The quality of supporting data varies but indicates a consistent outcome in favor of pulmonary rehabilitation for anxiety and depression when compared with other methods. However, it is not certain which components of pulmonary rehabilitation lead to improved anxiety and depression, and further research is needed to ensure that psychological benefits gained during rehabilitation continue.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation has Positive Effects on Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease The capacity for better work performance can be achieved by proper conditioning of the body by regular exercise so that oxygen and body energy are used at ideal levels.  Numerous studies have been conducted on the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; however, only a few address its significance in reducing the level of anxiety and depression in those patients.  Paz-Dı´az et al. (2006) states that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common and very debilitating disease that is frequently associated with anxiety and depression. According to Coventry and Hind (2007), in...
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