Pueblo Revolt

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The Pueblo Revolt: Religious Tolerance

Dreivon Thomas Ma’o

“Now They Were as They had been in Ancient Times”: The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 (p. 54) 1)      What is the context for this historical source? 2)      What were the causes of the 1680 Pueblo Revolt? What role did labor play in the revolt? 3)      How was the revolt organized?

4)      Why was this revolt successful?
5)      What was the outcome of the revolt on Native-Spanish relations? In what ways does this source clarify “the middle ground”? Content: Resistance and slave
a) Retaliation led by pope
b) Spaniards left the kingdom
Cause of the Revolt?
b) Spanish solider imposed a harsh force labor system which had cause slavery c) The Spanish had captured 2 Pueblo Indians (one was pope) Successful?
a) Pueblo reform and fought back
b) Pope with the Indians chase out the Spaniard
Organized ?
a) To force out of land(Spaniard)
b) Forming tribes

Outcome? Clarifying the middle ground?
a) Pueblo restored the own belief in RELIGION
b) Got the land back
c) Establish Indians independent
“Love is my religion” the hippies would sing. How would you feel if someone came and took away your freedom to worship? How would you feel if worshiping an unknown god became mandatory and compulsory? How would you feel? Put yourself in the Pueblo’s shoes and start wondering how you would feel. Religion holds society together; it is one idea to assure the steadiness of governments and civilization. Most of the time, religion is what keeps a person going and hoping if you know what I mean, but imagine if someone took that hope away. The Pueblo Indians religious history is different than the average Christian religion history, therefore it was misunderstood and criticized by the settlers. Their religious beliefs are based on the creation of life.

The Spanish conquered the Pueblos in the 17th century. They were forced into slavery and denied their rights to worship. The Franciscan Friars lived amongst the Indians. They brought the Indians under their wing, teaching them and demanding obedience. This was one out of many ways to get enforce their religion, it was rather oblique. Their way of life did not have a possibility of regrowth until after about three generations of oppression. A passing description of the Pueblo Indian culture and religion are needed to get a full understanding of why their dances were misinterpreted by white settlers and why the Indians were judged and treated in such an unfair way.  Pueblo Indians lived in Arizona and New Mexico and had a very different culture religiously than the white man.  White religious history shows us that women were not seen, in European and new American culture, as not being significant to religious practices.  In the Pueblo religion, however the woman was regarded in a different light.  They barely practiced in religious rituals but were the center of their people’s religion.  Pueblos had rituals that were performed fully by men, and there, these men copied women’s reproductive power.  Reproduction was the ideological focus for these people in religion because it stood for fertility, which included the growth of crops for food, offspring of many children and the birth of life in general.  Their prayers and requests were to have more children and to have an increase in agricultural foods.   In the spring of 1680, the Pueblo Indians rose up to defeat the Spanish. A religious leader from Taos Pueblo named Pope secretly organized a common rebellion to occur throughout the region on a single day. Planning took shape silently during the summer of 1680 in more than 70 Indian communities. On the night of August 10, 1680, Indians in more than two dozen pueblos simultaneously attacked the Spanish authorities. A force of 2,500 Indian warriors fired and burned the colonial headquarters in Santa Fe. By the time the revolt prospered, Indian fighters had killed...
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