GLOBALIZATION IN INDIA
The aim of this paper is to acquaint the reader about the influence of globalisation on the Public Administration of India. But before I proceed I feel it is absolutely necessary to define the two terms-“Globalisation” and “Public Administration”. I will then discuss the changes that Globalisation has brought about on the Indian Public Administration.
Globalisation is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Globalisation is an umbrella term and is perhaps best understood as a unitary process inclusive of many sub-processes (such as enhanced economic interdependence, increased cultural influence, rapid advances of information technology, and novel governance and geopolitical challenges) that are increasingly binding people and the biosphere more tightly into one global system. In simple terms, it is the process of making closer integration of the countries, along with the people of the world which has been brought about by the reduction of costs of transportation and communication, and the breaking down of artificial barriers to the flow of goods, services, capital and knowledge. The Economic aspect of Globalization has affected the countries the most, but one cannot forget that it is a multi-dimensional approach. Globalization with the revolution of information technology has been dramatically changing human behavior, management of corporations, and governance of states much more than the industrial revolution transformed the agricultural society. The markets and trade, in fact, are borderless, communication is much easier via the Internet and mobile instruments, and the world is getting much closer. While globalization is dramatically dividing the world into powerful and powerless countries with regards to information technology, trade, and economy, the winner and the loser inevitably happen in the global marketplace. Nonetheless, the vast majority of people in the planet still get their signals not from global financial markets, let alone cyberspace, but from the national capital, and personal access to the twenty-four-hour interconnected world still remains restricted to a minority of the world’s population (Yergin and Stanislaw 2002, 396).
On the other hand, Public Administration is an essential part of every Government of every Nation in the world. It is that part of the Government which fulfils the objectives set by the political decision makers. Public administration is "centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programmes as well as the behaviour of officials (usually non-elected) formally responsible for their conduct". Many unelected public servants can be considered to be public administrators, including heads of city, county, regional, state and federal departments such as municipal budget directors, human resources (H.R.) administrators, city managers, census managers, state [mental health] directors, and cabinet secretaries. Public administrators are public servants working in public departments and agencies, at all levels of government. It mainly looks after the Defence, Maintenance of Law and Order, Regulation of Prices and Supply of Commodities and Services along with Education and Public Health, in most countries. As an aspect of Government activity, public administration has been co-existing with every political system as the section part of government for the fulfilment of the objectives set by the political decision makers. Functioning of these machineries of Government has attracted the attention of scholars and observers since the time of recorded history.
However, Globalization and Public Administration are enmeshed in a...