Lesson 3: Public Speaking Skills (Page15)
This is an essential part of leadership because leaders must use public speaking skills to inspire people to follow them. Public speaking is everybody’s greatest fear, so it is important to make the speaking experience enjoyable for your students. The leadership course consists of four short speeches to help your students: * Practice the different skills of public speaking such as: eye contact, using gestures, movement, and vocal variety, using pauses, and using visual aids. * Learn how to create a speech that keeps an audience’s attention by using examples, stories, and quotes. * Learn to close their speech with a call for action.
* Learn how to write an effective introduction and how to give an introduction. * Practice listening skills as they evaluate each other’s speeches.
Spread Out the Speeches
These four different types of speeches in Lesson 3 should be spread out throughout your course. (Speeches #2 & 3 should be done after you have done lesson 4 because exercises in lesson 4 will prepare your students for those speeches.) The last of the four speeches is their graduation speech about an admired leader, which will be done on the last day of class. Introductions
Each of the speeches will begin with an introduction by another student. The student giving the speech will write the introduction, which the student doing the introduction will read word for word. This gives the speaker control of the introduction and avoids misrepresentation. Speak Instead of Read
During their speeches, the students are not allowed to read their speeches. They may each have an index card with a few key words jotted down. These speeches have to be spoken, not read or memorized. That way they will speak with more enthusiasm, more meaning in their words, and use their eyes for eye contact with the audience instead of looking down at a paper reading words. Speaking Skills
On your speaker’s checklist on page 17 in your Instructor’s Manual, we have listed the speaking skills in the Speaker's Check List. You can make copies this check list for your students. Here are some of the most important public speaking skills. * Storytelling Skills: Storytelling captures your audience’s imagination. Your students should tell a story so that the audience can visualize it, as if they are painting pictures with their words. When you are giving a speech and you switch to telling a story, you can almost feel that the mood of the room changes as people give their full attentive to the story. * Eye Contact: With eye contact, they will connect with their audience. Ask your students to look at one person for a sentence, and then look at another person for the next sentence. Establish eye contact with one person at a time, rather than looking at the group in general. * Gestures: Gestures should be with their arms. Encourage your students to use large gestures. * Vocal Variety: Vocal variety means not only the pitch, whether it’s a high pitch or a low pitch, but it also means the speed and the pace, the enthusiasm, the loudness, the softness – as well as pauses. Listening Skills: As part of the audience, the students must participate by looking at the speaker and concentrating on the message so that they can evaluate the speech. That means all desks or tables are cleared of papers or anything that’s distracting. To encourage good listening skills, the instructor can write down some questions about the content of the speech to ask the class after the speech is over. Evaluating the Speeches with Positive Feedback
Students learn good presentation skills from watching and evaluating other classmates. However, I believe that it is essential to only point out the positive aspects of the speech. Pointing out negative aspects can be very demoralizing as teenagers are very sensitive to criticism. Instead, make some notes of the negative. Then, as preparation...