Public Enemy is an American Hip Hop group formed in Long Island, New York in the late 1900s. The original members were Chuck D (original name Carlton Ridenhour, born on August 1, 1960 in Queens, New York), Flavor Flav (original name William Drayton, born on March 16, 1959 in Long Island, New York), Terminator X (original name Norman Lee Rogers, born on August 25, 1966 in New York City, New York), and Professor Griff (original name Richard Griffin, born on August 1, 1960 in Long Island, New York). While developing his talent as a young MC with Flavor Flav, Chuck D delivered furniture for his father's business. After few days in the Studio, Chuck D put out a tape to promote WBAU Radio Station. He called the tape, Public Enemy #1. Because he felt like he was being persecuted by people in the local communities.
Public Enemy first gain popularity by doing opening acts for the Beastie Boys. Over the next few years , their debut album, "Yo! burn Rush The Show" was released in 1987. The album sold only roughly 300,000. However PE’s second album, “It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back”, in 1988, was widely praised by critics and eventually went Platinum selling over a million copies. Including singles like "Don't Believe The Hype" and "Bring The Noise". The album boosted their popularity and they was taking over. The group continued their to release hit records like "Fear of a Black planet" and "Apocalypse 911".
Hip Hop of coure existed before the come up of public Enemy. However, Rappers was afraid to respond to the ruthless treatment in the black communities, knowing that the Civil Right movement was reaching it climax. Instead they rap about fancy cars and expensive parties. After Public Enemy released their first album everything changed. in the single 'Party For Your Rights' they included lyric like "Power, Equality.. And we're out to get it. . i know some of you aint with it.. this party started right in 66.. than at the hour of twelve some force...
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