Public and Private Uses of Water Varied in Pompeii and Herculaneum

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1)What is the Castellum.
A castellum is a building that distributed water throughout Pompeii and Herculaneum. The task of the castellum was to spread water all over Rome for public and private use. In Source 1, it shows three lead pipes which transferred water all over the city of Pompeii. The bricks encompassing the water narrow the water allowing it to fit through the pipes.

2)Why does the engineer Vitruvius recommend a three part water distribution in a town?

A three part water distribution system was recommended by Vitruvius in towns, due to several reasons. The primary reason behind this logic was that water distribution would much easier and effective. Pipes were used for each connecting tank, allowing water to flow between the tanks. Another important reason for having a three part water distribution was due to the belief that it may generate an annual income for the state, with the central tanks to be connected to the pipes that ran through the basins and fountains. Another reason behind Vitruvius’s recommendation of such a plan was due to the fact that water would not run short for public use, whilst the people living in private houses not being able to divert water if they only have their own supplies from headquarters. Another suggestion of Vitruvius was that such a plan would allow easier monitoring of the use of water and who was receiving water, allowing individual taxes on water to be issued, allowing contractors to continue the conducting of water flow.

3)Explain the path of water flow for the following.
a)Collecting water from a Castellum.
Water from the Castellum was sent to the main tank, for supplying water. The main tank was a brick building located near the Vesuvius gate, which stood at the highest location in the town and was also positioned near the forum baths. This building played a primary role in the water being diverted from the Serinum aqueduct to the towns of Vesuvius. There was also another Castellum, tasked...
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