Public Administration

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PART 1 Page
1 INTRODUCTION1

2 DEFINING THE KEY FUNCTIONS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION3
2.1 Policy-making3
2.2 Planning3
2.3 Organising4
2.4 Leading5
2.5 Control and Evaluation6

3 HOW CAN EACH FUNCTION IMPROVE THE ADMINISTRATION FUNCTIONS OF PUBLIC ORGANISATIONS6
3.1 Policy-making6
3.2 Planning7
3.3 Organising8
3.4 Leading8
3.5 Control and Evaluation9

4 CONCLUSION10

LIST OF REFERENCES11

PART 2
1 INTRODUCTION12

2 DEFINITION OF ETHICS IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION13

3 ETHICAL FOUNDATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION14
3.1 Policy Process14
3.2 Executive Institutions15
3.3 Staffing15
3.4 Financial Allocation16
3.5 Control and Procedural Measures16

4 CONCLUSION18

LIST OF REFERENCES20

PART 1
THE KEY FUNCTIONS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND HOW THESE FUNCTIONS ARE USED TO IMPROVE THE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS OF PUBLIC ORGAINSATION. |
1 INTRODUCTION
Public administration is a well known central activity of the government and is certain to involve bureaucracy. Most importantly it emphasises rationality, organisation and management in the pursuit of cooperation. Rosenbloom, Goldman and Ingram (1994:1) says that it is embedded in human cultures and is a mean by which societies try to control their culture, by seeking simultaneously to achieve the goals of stability and the goals to bring about change. The truth is that there is no perfect or good definition of public administration. Therefore the definition is more of a mental paralysis rather than enlightenment and stimulation. Like many institutions or organisations, public administration has key functions that are used to grow/improve their organisations.In writing the assignment the author’s main purpose is to explain the key functions of public administration which are: policy-making, planning, organising, leading, control and evaluation and to acquire the basic information.

The aim of this report is to find research on how each of the functions can be used to improve the administrative functions of the public organisation and also to do so by using practical examples. The point of this assignment is not to produce new ideas but to argue and show understanding of a number of points. During the compilation of the assignment secondary information sources were consulted, by the use of existing text-books. No insistent problems were come across during the compiling of the report writing with the objectives of the report being to define the key functions of public administration and how each function can improve the administrative functions of public organisation.

Lastly attention is given to the topic at hand and a summary of the functions of public administration follows as a conclusion.

2 DEFINING THE KEY FUNCTIONSOF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
The exercising of public administration functions by public authorities or managers does not mean resources are being legitimately and productively used or provided. Skills, knowledge and the appropriate use of personnel management, applications and techniques must support the key functions of administration.

2.1 Policy-making
According to the Collins Concise Dictionary (Sinclair 2001:1159) policy is defined as a plan of action adopted or pursued by an individual, government, party or a business. The policies that are made within the administration sector are likely to have influence on the public as a whole. Burger, Fox and Schwella (1996:32) write that policy making involves the formulation and implementation of policies which could have external or internal roles to public managers. The external role involves functional areas such as environmental, health or transport policies whilst internal roles on the other hand involve managing aspects of functional policy implementation (Burger et al. 1996:32). In closing policy making serves as a critically essential function of public administration because...
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