Five Decades of Public Administration in
วันที่ 9 กรกฎาคม 2548 เวลา 13.15-16.15 น. ณ หอง 1009, หอง 913 และหองประชุมศูนยเทคโนโลยี ชั้น 5 ณ อาคารอเนกประสงค สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร
Five Decades of Public Administration in Thailand
Associate Professor Bidhya Bowornwathana, Ph.D.*
Paper prepared for presentation at a seminar to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the School of Public Administration, NIDA, Anekprasong Building, 10th floor, Room 902, July 9th, 2005, 13.15-6.15 pm. Bangkok, Thailand.
After five decades of the study of public administration in Thailand, four models of explanation of the Thai bureaucracy and public sector have emerged: the personnel administration model; the bureaucratic development model, the bureaucratic polity model, and the good governance model. The author compares and analyzes these models of explanation by considering their origins, frameworks and assumptions. Some ideas about what needs to be done for the future development of public administration in Thailand are given at the end.
Introduction: The Background
In Thailand, the study of public administration at the university level can be traced back much earlier to the establishment of Chulalongkorn University in March 26, 1916 when the faculty of Public Administration was one of the four foundation faculties of the university (Meechart and Bowornwathana, 1986). However, the study of modern western public administration began about five decades ago. His Majesty the King of Thailand and the Rockefeller Foundation supported the idea of institutionalizing public administration education in Thailand. Fifty years ago, in September 1955, the Thai Government established the Thai Institute of Public Administration (TIPA) at Thammasat University. A decade later, on April 1st 1966, TIPA was reorganized to form the National Institute of Public Administration (NIDA) at Klong Chan District. One year earlier on April 9th, 1965, the Public Administration Department had been established in the Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University. Professors from American universities such as Indiana University and New York University helped develop the public administration curricula and recruit young Thai lecturers to do doctoral work in the United States. -------------------------------------------* Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University
Four Waves of Thai Scholars
From then till now, there have been four waves of Thai public administration scholars (Bowornwathana, 1983a).
The first period of public administration study (1955-1966) coincided with the creation of TIPA. It is a period when public administration as a field of study was first introduced in Thailand. Writing about public administration concentrated on explaining what public administration is, and why public administration education is important for Thailand. Several Thai academicians were funded to do graduate work abroad. Once they returned, they began to form the first generation of Thai public administrationists. Some of them include: Choop Karnjanaprakorn, Kasem Suwanakul, Arsa Meksawan, and Amara Raksasat. Western classical theories of public administration during that time, such as the “principles of administration” school, played a crucial role in the forming of the first model of Thai bureaucracy, which I call the personnel administration model or the principles of administration model. The second phase of public administration development was during 19661973. TIPA was established as an independent institution, NIDA. Second Wave
The second generation of Thai scholars came back with Ph.D.s mainly from the US. Many of them specialized in the developmental dimension of public administration and comparative politics. Some familiar names are:...