Tragedy of Pu Fei-yen
The ancient Chinese love story "The tragedy of Pu Fei-Yan", which is an ancient Chinese story, depicts the love between two people, Fei-yen and Hsiang. It follows their attraction, betrayal, romance and ultimate death. In this paper I will focus on the female paragon defined by Confucian code of womanly virtues and the use of words for subliminal seduction. I will also focus on the feudal structure of the story. First of all we will look at Confucianism. Confucianism is humanism, a viewpoint or mind-set that is involved with humans, their success and passions, rather than with the summary people and issues of theology. In Confucianism man is the middle of the universe: man cannot stay alone, but with other humans. For humans, the greatest objective is personal pleasure. The necessary situation to accomplish pleasure is through serenity. To acquire serenity, Confucius found man made up of the five connections which are depending on really like and responsibilities. War has to be abolished; and the Great Oneness around the globe should be designed. In Han (220BCE-221CE) China, Confucianism was implemented as the official philosophy. Focusing balance achieved through controlled romantic relationships and ethical responsibilities. Confucianism prescribed a firm social structure with clearly defined tasks. Females were mostly limited to the sector of close relatives’ members. They were brought up to show difference to out-dated parents, constancy to spouses and commitment to kids. Females worked out authority and power only when they presumed the part of mothers and had produced kids. Trained in the domestic arts, women were also frustrated from public and government matters. At court women were limited to the inner legal courts as opposed to the outer legal courts where matters of the state were performed. Confucian offered medications for the way a woman ought to comport herself, emphasizing her proper behaviour in regards to her husband and her part in close relatives members. Although women were recognized as being virtuous for their sagacity, intelligence and statecraft, it was within the inner legal courts or the inner sector of close relative’s members that ladies operated as active agents and worked out their benefits. Given that information, we can depict that Fei-yen was in violation of the Confucian code. She was completely disrespectful to her husband. In the Confucian code, the wife had to respect the marriage institution and shun away from fidelity, however Fei-yen insulted this institution by having extra marital affairs with her neighbour Hsiang. Hsiang was a neighbour who Fei-yen described as handsome and talented and was rich enough to pay the doorkeeper to deliver notes to Fei-yen. We are informed that he happened to spy on Fei-yen from a crack of their wall. Fei-yen was described as delicate and fine and as soon as Hsiang saw her he grew despondent. Hsiang then started using poems to make his feelings known. He uses sweet, loving kind word to manipulate Fei-yen to think of him. Poetry as an art type predates knowledge. Some of the first poetry is considered to have been by mouth recited or sang. Following the growth of writing, poetry has since designed into progressively arranged types, though much poetry since the delayed Twentieth millennium has shifted away from conventional types towards the more vaguely described free line and writing poetry types. Poetry was applied as a way of keeping in mind dental record, tale (epic poetry), ancestry, and law. Poetry is often carefully related to musical technology customs, and much of it can be linked to spiritual motions. Many of the poems remaining from the historical world are a way of documented social information about the people of the past, and their poems are wishes or experiences about spiritual topic, backgrounds about their state policies and conflicts, and the...