Pttls Teaching and Learning Approaches

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Assignment 2 PTTLS|
Teaching & Learning Approaches|
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Iqbal Vohra|
6/6/2011|

Contents
1.Introduction2
2.Learning styles3
2.1.Visual learners3
2.2.Auditory learners4
2.3.Kinaesthetic learners4
3.Functional skills5
4.Differentiation6
5.Conclusion7
6.References8
7.Appendix 1: Learning styles self-assessment9
8.Appendix 2: Embedding functional skills in a PTTLS session13

Introduction
This assignment is about different teaching and learning approaches. It describes the 3 main learning styles as identified in the Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic (VAK) model. It then goes on to describe how each of these learning styles could be accommodated by different teaching approaches. The section that follows describes the functional skills, the importance of these skills for learners and how these skills could be embedded in lessons. With specific examples of how this could be done in my specialist area of IT training are included.

Learning styles
Learning styles are simply different approaches or ways of learning. One of the recognised ways of categorising these learning styles is by the VAK model (Table 1). Table 1 shows the 3 learning styles together with a brief description. Table [ 1 ] VAK model

Learning style| Description|
Visual| Seeing and reading|
Auditory| Listening and speaking|
Kinaesthetic| Touching and doing|

Awareness of these different types of learning approaches enables a teacher to vary their methods of teaching to accommodate the different types of learners that are likely to be in a typical class. From the learner’s perspective, it is important to be aware of these different learning approaches. It may be possible to explore a more appropriate activity to understand or grasp a particularly difficult subject. Visual learners

These learners learn through seeing and reading and visualising. They need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. They may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated text books, projector presentations, videos, flipcharts, use of interactive smart boards and hand-outs. During a lesson or classroom discussion, visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information. This type of learner would need visual materials to learn such as pictures, charts, maps, graphs and hand-outs. Auditory learners

These learners lean through listening and speaking. They learn best through discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. Auditory learners interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other nuances. Written information may not be understood fully until it is heard. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using recordings. Activities that would suit this type of learner would be participation in discussions and debates. Having verbal analogies or stories to demonstrate or emphasise parts of the lesson.

Kinaesthetic learners

These learners learn through moving, doing and touching. Kinaesthetic learners learn best through a hands-on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them. These learners may find it difficult to sit through long periods of inactivity and may become bored or distracted. This type of learner would need to be involved in the lesson by doing practical activities and by having an opportunity to practice what they have learnt.

Functional skills
Functional skills are those core elements of English, mathematics and ICT that provide individuals with the skills and abilities they need to operate confidently, effectively and independently in life, their communities and work. Functional skills are useful for daily routine tasks for example, recognising good-value deals when making purchases, or writing an effective application letter, or using the...
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