28 December 2011
HABC LEVEL 3 PTLLS Assessment 4 Townsend 1
Explain the three main types of assessments used and fully explain how you conduct, or could conduct, an initial assessment of learners.
The three main types of assessment are Initial, Formative and Summative Assessments. Each form of assessment is equally important each serving a differing purpose and each used in differing ways.
The Initial assessment is the means in which to gather information about the learners and to not only assess their ability to complete the course that they are taking part in, but to enable the teacher to plan the structure of the sessions required. It also assists the Teacher to decide the pace and pitch of the sessions as well as the choice of resources to use to gain the best out of the Learner.
The method most commonly used is the Pre-course Application Form / Questionnaire. This enables the teacher to assess the learner’s standard of written English and understanding. It also enables them to asses previous academic experience, in terms of qualifications already attained and will also tell the teacher when the learner was last in an educational environment.
The Application form / Questionnaire can also be backed up by a telephone call. This would enable the teacher to assess the learner’s spoken communication skills.
The information collected during the initial assessment should allow the learner to:
•Be placed on an appropriate pre-vocational or vocational learning programme which matches their skills, knowledge and abilities. •Work towards a level of qualification which is appropriate to their level of skills, knowledge and ability. •Be placed in work in an appropriate occupational area, where this is relevant to the learning programme. •Have all their learning and support needs identified, to enable a comprehensive individual learning plan to be designed.(Department for Education and Employment Good Practice Series ‘Initial Assessment of Learning and Support Needs and Planning Learning to Meet Needs May 2001 p10).
‘The formative assessment is a continuous method of assessment that is conducted throughout the course of tuition.’ (Morley and Wordsworth. PTLLS made easier. Nov 2010 p92).
As a session progresses, the teacher must be able to assess that the learners have understood what they have been taught at each stage. Without continual assessment there is no way of judging whether the learners are able to move on to the next stage. The assessments can be conducted using various means such as oral question and answers, multiple choice questions or group tasks or exercises. The assessments used will enable the teacher to make an informed decision whether or not to carry on, or to re-teach and confirm as required.
Often the size of the group will govern the methods that the teacher adopts to carry out formative assessment. The use of question and answers often takes time, particularly if asking each and every learner either one or two questions. In this situation it would be easier and more productive to introduce multi-choice questioning in the form of a game. For example issue each learner with a set of cards labelled A, B C and D. When a question is asked each student can
HABC LEVEL 3 PTLLS Assessment 4 Townsend 2
then respond accordingly with what they consider to be the correct answer. This enables the teacher to examine all students at the same time, as well as being able to correct, if necessary the learners that have given the wrong answer.
In the practical scenario formative assessment enables the learner to practice what they have learned without the pressure of a formal examination and if errors are made, then they can be rectified during the session. If several of the learners are making the same error, it enables the teacher to re-teach as...