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PTSD, Trauma, and People

Kacie D. Buchanan

COM/156

April 12, 2013

It has been estimated, from Michelle Rosenthal (2012), that 70% of all U.S. citizens experience some type of trauma in their life and an estimated 8% have PTSD. War veteran diagnosed PTSD have jumped up 50% in 2012, and 1 out of every five veterans that return from Irag are diagnosed with this disorder. It is sad to think of the children that go through trauma, but an estimated 15-43% of girls and 14-43% of boys will experience a traumatic event. As many as 30- 60% of these children will go through the trauma and come out with PTSD. Personal doubt has lead me to try to figure out how this disorder comes about, and if there is a way an individual can be misdiagnosed. There are many reasons an individual may have PTSD, its finding the trauma and the cause so you can then find a cure.

For as long as we can remember there have been stories about the trauma that war veterans go through daily, they relive the trauma, and it can bring on PTSD. Post-traumatic stress syndrome in war veterans is very different than the trauma anyone else can go through, it is harder for them to cope with because of the level of trauma they have been through. Christine Stephens, Nigel Long, and Ross Flett (1998) had done a New Zealand study of 527 working police officers were given the PTSD test to show there results, their results were that police officers with military combat backgrounds had some of the highest test results of anyone tested. These victims of war have to relive the nightmare every time they hear a loud crash, bang, or pop they feel like they have to run for cover or hide because that fear has been put into their minds that if they do not save themselves they will die. In most cases military personnel have come home and have shown no sign of PTSD and passed all tests with a negative result for the disorder, it was six months to a year later that the individuals start to experience signs and symptoms of PTSD. These tests can include an officer sitting in front of a computer screen with random flashes of picture’s, there are children,

dogs sniffing blood, soldiers cowering in fear, and death. The doctor monitors stress levels and how many times the officer blinks and from that can see if the officer will most likely develop PTSD, because after all this is just a theory for military doctors trying to help soldier. "Right now, we can't determine with certainty who will and who won't develop PTSD," said Paula Schnurr (2009), deputy executive director of the Department of Veterans Affairs' National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. "Perhaps with better measures, we can get closer." Which means doctors are hoping to help soldier’s determine whether they can handle trauma at the same level which his fellow soldier handles it as well. The military doctors want to pre-diagnose before they are sent into combat and return with the disorder. Different types of traumas were recorded when soldiers returned from war, and they were recorded as:

Veterans and the trauma in war
Combat Stressors| Seeing dead bodies| Being shot at| Being attacked/ ambushed| Receiving rocket or mortar fire| Know someone killed/ seriously injured| Iraq | Army| 95%| 93%| 89%| 86%| 86%|

Iraq| Marines| 94%| 97%| 95%| 92%| 87%|
Afghanistan | Army| 39%| 66%| 58%| 84%| 43%|
Retrieved from: www.ptsd.va.gov, Mental Health Effects of Serving in Afghanistan and Iraq

Casualties of the war are the individuals that tend to be most at risk but that does not mean anyone

else cannot go down that bumpy PTSD road.

This brings me to my next point in dealing with PTSD, children with PTSD is something you don’t hear about because most children are treated with kindness and love. For those of them that are treated unfairly and have to live through the abuse and negativity of life it can be very traumatic and lead into...
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