The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the research used to determine if individuals with a type D personality are at a higher risk to suffer from PTSD. This research showed that there is in fact no direct correlation between a type D personality and a predisposition to PTSD. The study did show that lower rank showed predictability in the presence of post deployment PTSD.
PTSD and Personality
Type D Personality and the Development of PTSD Symptoms: A Prospective Study
Arthur R. Rademaker, Mirjam van Zuiden, Eric Vermetten, and Elbert Geuze Military Mental Health Research Center and University Medical Center Utrecht
The purpose of this research was to determine if the Type D personality is predisposed to post war PTSD.
Hypothesis of the study:
Individuals who are classified as a Type D personality and are exposed to psychological trauma and prolonged or extreme stress are at a higher risk of developing psychosocial problems and mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (Rademaker, A. R., Zuiden, V. M., Vermetten, E., Elbert, G. 2010)
The study and population:
The study consisted of five hundred and twenty two Dutch soldiers who were pre-screened prior to deploying to Afghanistan. The study was approved by the institutional review board of the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands. Five hundred twenty-two soldiers completed various self-report questionnaires prior to a 4-month deployment, including demographic, Type D personality, and PTSD questionnaires. Of these, 410 soldiers (90% male) also completed assessment of PTSD symptoms 6 months after deployment. (Rademaker, A. R., Zuiden, V. M., Vermetten, E., Elbert, G. 2010)
The methodology used:
Participants completed the Dutch self-report short-form version of the Early Trauma Inventory. The ETISR-SF is a checklist to assess exposure...