Ptsd and Personality- Pyschology

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PTSD and Personality

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the research used to determine if individuals with a type D personality are at a higher risk to suffer from PTSD. This research showed that there is in fact no direct correlation between a type D personality and a predisposition to PTSD. The study did show that lower rank showed predictability in the presence of post deployment PTSD.

PTSD and Personality
Research Title:
Type D Personality and the Development of PTSD Symptoms: A Prospective Study

Authors:
Arthur R. Rademaker, Mirjam van Zuiden, Eric Vermetten, and Elbert Geuze Military Mental Health Research Center and University Medical Center Utrecht

Purpose:
The purpose of this research was to determine if the Type D personality is predisposed to post war PTSD.

Hypothesis of the study:
Individuals who are classified as a Type D personality and are exposed to psychological trauma and prolonged or extreme stress are at a higher risk of developing psychosocial problems and mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (Rademaker, A. R., Zuiden, V. M., Vermetten, E., Elbert, G. 2010)

The study and population:
The study consisted of five hundred and twenty two Dutch soldiers who were pre-screened prior to deploying to Afghanistan. The study was approved by the institutional review board of the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands. Five hundred twenty-two soldiers completed various self-report questionnaires prior to a 4-month deployment, including demographic, Type D personality, and PTSD questionnaires. Of these, 410 soldiers (90% male) also completed assessment of PTSD symptoms 6 months after deployment. (Rademaker, A. R., Zuiden, V. M., Vermetten, E., Elbert, G. 2010)

The methodology used:
Participants completed the Dutch self-report short-form version of the Early Trauma Inventory. The ETISR-SF is a checklist to assess exposure...
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