Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-PTSD
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychological condition that can occur after an individual witness or experiences a traumatic event (National Institute of Mental Health, 2007). While it has been identified, in numerous populations including children, adolescents, women, survivors of natural disasters, in recent years PTSD has become a greater concern among Iraq War veterans. PTSD is not a new phenomenon; its symptoms have been recognized in the U.S. military conflicts from the Civil War to present day. For example, it was known as soldier’s heart in the Civil War, combat fatigue in World War I, gross stress reaction in World War II, post-Vietnam syndrome in Vietnam and battle fatigue and shell shock in today’s military conflicts (Heal My PTSD, 2013). Unfortunately, while research indicates that a variety of situations can lead individuals to develop PTSD, this condition has frequently been misinterpreted or incorrectly diagnosed, even with specific indicators and symptoms (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). While it was considered a condition that only military veterans had, it has been noted that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder has an impact on everyone at some time- civilians included. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is no longer an isolated or sequestered disorder that only affects individuals who have served in or are serving in the military. Children, teenagers/adolescents, parents, veterans, etc. can have this disorder. How common is PTSD?
Experiencing trauma is no longer an uncommon matter in individuals anymore. Approximately 60% of the men and 50% of the women in the United States go through a minimum of one painful experience in their lifetimes. In all probability, women encounter sexual assault and child sexual abuse, and men mostly encounter crashes, bodily assaults, wars, or sees death. For example, 7-8% of the population will encounter an injury at least once, approximately 5.2 million adults encounter Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in their lives, and females have a higher probability of having PTSD than men. In addition, approximately 10% of the U.S. women have PTSD in their lives as opposed to the 5% of the U.S. men. The information regarding PTSD and military veterans are not much different in comparison. Due to there being military conflicts, many veterans have experienced battle, were affected by horrifying and dangerous events. For instance, 10-11% of the Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom veterans have PTSD, as much as 10% of the Gulf War veterans have it, and approximately 30% of the Vietnam veterans have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Of the veterans that have utilized the VA health care facilities, 23% of the female veterans have announced sexual assaults while serving in the armed forces, and 55% of the women and 38% of the men have encountered sexual harassment while serving (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2012). Identifiable symptoms of PTSD
The attributes in regards to PTSD currently takes on a four level approach. The four levels consist of the painful recurrences of the phenomenon, a structure of deliberate avoiding, the dulling of emotions, and reasonably incessant excessive stimulation. For example, in the reliving of the phenomenon, indicators would consist of having brilliant or graphic mental images, night terrors, and even a modest level of delusions. The dulling of emotions examples would be having bouts of forgetfulness or amnesia, and avoiding places that bring back memories of the phenomena. An example of emotional disengagement would include dodging expressing closeness to individuals and their own feelings. As for excessive stimulation, examples would consist of jumpiness, irritability, and insomnia. Guilt, dishonor, despair, and aggression are some of the other indicators that accompany PTSD (Curators of the University of Missouri, 2001). The Misdiagnosis of PTSD
The primary misdiagnosis of...
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