Psychosexual Stage

Topics: Developmental psychology, Phallic stage, Sigmund Freud Pages: 2 (402 words) Published: January 1, 2013
Psychosexual stage| Age | Erogenous zone | Activities |
Oral stage | 0-1 | Mouth and lips | Eating, sucking |
Anal stage | 2-3 | Anus | Defecating-toilet training |
Phallic stage | 4-6 | Genitals | Oedipus and Electra complex | Latency stage | 7-12 | Sexual impulsesLie dormant | Going to school, play | Genital stage | 13 onwards | Genitals | Heterosexual relationships| Psychosocial crisis | Age | virtues |

Trust vs. mistrust | 0-2 | Hope and optimism |
Autonomy vs. Doubt | 2-3 | Will |
Initiative vs. guilt | 3-6 | Purpose |
Industry vs. inferiority | 6-12 | Competence |
Identity vs. identity confusion | 13-19 | Fidelity |
Intimacy vs. isolation | 20-39 | Commitment/mutual devotion | Generativity vs. self-absurption | 40-65 | Care |
Integrity vs. despair | 66 onwards | wisdom |
Psychosexual Stage Psychosocial stage Main Proponent : Sigmund Freud Main proponent : Erik Erikson

Cognitive stage| Age| Highlights|
Sensorimotor stage| Birth-2| Object permanence|
Pre-operational stage| 2-7| Symbolic play and use of language| Concrete operational stage| 7-11| Ability to perform operations| Formal operation stage| 11- onwards| intelligence|
Levels of moral orientation | Substages | Features |
Pre-conventional level | Stage 1: punishment Stage 2: reward | Motivated by external pressures | Conventional level | Stage 3: good boy/girlStage 4: authority | Conforming to norms of majorityMaintaining social order | Post conventional level | Stage 5: social contract Stage 6:ethical principle | Principle values like justice and human dignity should be preserved. | Cognitive stage: Main proponent : Jean Piaget Moral development

Developmental stage | Characteristics |
1. pre-natal (conception to birth) | Age when heredity endowment are fixed...
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