Psychology Q and a

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Shamuel Ilyayev

Chapter 15

1) Define Psychological disorder.
Psychological disorders:  behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable. 

2) What is the Bio-psycho-social perspective and why is it important? Bio-psycho-social perspective:  a perspective which assumes that biological, psychological and social culture factors combine and interact with each other to produce psychological disorder.  

Importance: Society tends to be cautious because of the way they are being judged or looked up which creates stress and mood perception which then results to a disorder.  Society is a main factor.

3) What is the difference between a neurotic disorder and a psychotic disorder? Neurotic Disorder:  a disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially. Freud’s Perspective: People’s way of dealing with anxiety. Psychotic Disorder:  a disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perception.

4) Define anxiety disorders and describe four.
anxiety disorder:  marked by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.

Four disorders:

Generalized anxiety disorder:  In which a person is unexplainably and continually tense and uneasy.

Panic disorder: in which a person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread.

Phobias: which a person feels irrationally afraid of a specific object or situation.

Obsessive- Compulsive disorder: in which a person is troubles by repetitive thoughts or actions.

5) How can anxiety disorders be explained?

Freud Perspective:  In the beginning of childhood, people repress intolerable impulses, ideas and feelings and that this submerged mental energy sometimes produces symptoms such as anxiety. 

6) Can you distinguish between generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, and obsessive compulsive disorder?

Generalized disorder:  Continually tense and worried that bad things will happen.

Phobias:  focuses anxiety on a specific object, activity or situation.

Obsessive compulsive disorder:  be obsessed with senseless or offensive thoughts.

7) Discuss the major mood disorders.

Mood disorders are emotional extremes.

Major Depressive Disorder: a mood disorder in which a person, for no reason experiences two or more weeks of feeling worthlessness and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.

Manic episode: marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.

Bipolar disorder: in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.

8) Explain dissociative disorders in general and dissociative identity disorder in particular.

Dissociative disorders: disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.

Dissociative identity disorders:  a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. (Multiple personality disorder)

9) What are the five subtypes to schizophrenia?

Paranoid:  Preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations.

Disorganized:  Disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion.

Catatonic:  Immobility, extreme negativism or parrot like repeating another’s speech or movements,

Undifferentiated:  Many and varied symptoms.

Residual:  Withdrawals, after hallucinations and delusions have disappeared.

10) Why is antisocial personality disorder the most troubling of personality disorders?

Antisocial Personality disorders: is when they lack conscience for wrongdoing, towards anyone.  They are aggressive and ruthless.  If they are intelligent then they can become a con artist.  They are usually called a sociopath or a psychopath.  If they commit a crime they will sleep like a baby.

Chapter 16

1) What is psychoanalysis and what problems may a therapist encounter using this technique?...
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